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Emile Hostel
Emile Hostel - dream vacation

Montagu Bastion 25 Line Wall Road, Gibraltar

Gibraltar, colloquially known as The Rock or Gib, is an overseas territory of the United Kingdom at the entrance to the Mediterranean Sea. It is bordered by Spain to the north; Morocco is a short distance across the strait to the south. Gibraltar has a population of 30,000 people.


Gibraltar is a unique place for the curious traveller: a British community on the Iberian Peninsula, separated by a narrow gap of sea from Africa. The historic military legacy has created a veritable labyrinth inside "the Rock" itself, with many secret internal roads and tunnels worth exploring. It is also worth climbing the Rock for its views and famous monkeys.


In Greek mythology Gibraltar was Calpe, one of the Pillars of Hercules, which marked the edge of the Mediterranean and the known world. In 711 Tariq ibn Ziyad, the Muslim governor of Tangier, landed at Gibraltar to launch the Islamic invasion of the Iberian Peninsula. The Rock took his name - Jabal Tariq (Mountain of Tariq) eventually became Gibraltar.

Strategically important for international shipping, Gibraltar was ceded to Great Britain by Spain in the 1713 Treaty of Utrecht and was formally declared a British colony in 1830. Spain still claims sovereignty over this territory, although Gibraltarians consider themselves British with no apparent interest in rejoining Spain.

The topmost part of the Rock is still used as a British military installation, and is off-limits to the public.

Get in

Gibraltar is not part of the Schengen Area or the European Customs Union. This means that there are immigration and customs controls when travelling between Spain and Gibraltar. There are also immigration controls for air travel from the UK or EU countries. Citizens of the European Union are required to have a national identity card or passport, while all others are required to have a passport to enter. The entry requirements for Gibraltar are not the same as the United Kingdom. Unless exempt from visa requirements, to enter Gibraltar you must have either a Gibraltar visa (to be applied for separately from a normal British visa at a British embassy/consulate), a UK visa valid for at least one year, or a UK permit of residence valid for at least 5 years. If arriving by air, Gibraltar airport staff will refuse entry to anyone who does not comply with these requirements.

Although entry into Gibraltar from a Schengen country will technically invalidate a single-entry Schengen visa, in practice passports are visually checked but not stamped on entry by land, and those with single-entry visas usually get re-admitted to Spain without any problems.

By plane

Gibraltar Airport (IATA: GIB) has daily scheduled flights to and from London Heathrow Airport, London Gatwick Airport, London Luton and Manchester in the United Kingdom.

The most popular alternative airport for Gibraltar is 2 Malaga Airport (IATA: AGP) in Spain, some 120 km to the East, which offers a wide range of destinations. Malaga can be reached by bus, but there are only a few services available per day and the trip is approximately 3 hours. 3 Jerez Airport (IATA: XRY) is normally the second choice, despite being closer to Gibraltar.

By car

Queues at the border may make it less time-consuming to park cars in La Línea and walk across. While there are charges for parking in La Línea immediately next to the border, there is free parking throughout town and next to the stadium if you are willing to walk an extra 1 km. Parking on the Spanish side of the border also has the advantage of avoiding Gibraltar's complex one way system with very narrow and badly signposted streets, and limited parking. The land border is open 24 hours a day, though expect delays when planes are landing - the only road into Gibraltar runs right across the airport runway!

Motorists, and on occasion pedestrians, crossing the border with Spain have been subjected to long delays and searches by the Spanish authorities. Spain has closed the border during disputes or incidents involving the Gibraltar authorities.

Despite being an overseas territory of the United Kingdom, traffic in Gibraltar is on the right side of the road, the same with the rest of continental Europe.

By bus

At La Línea, Spain across the border, there are regular buses to and from Seville, Malaga, Cádiz, Granada and hourly to Algeciras (the latter one direct or with stops on the way). The station in La Línea is only a five minute walk from the border with Gibraltar.

The bus station in Algeciras is opposite the railway station. To go to the bus station from the harbour, turn left, walk along the main street for about 100m and then turn right. Continue about 200m along this street to the small building with railroads. There is a small sign for the bus stop. This bus can get you to La Línea for €2.35 (January 2013), and it goes every 30 minutes during the day. Some buses run non-stop while others make intermediate calls. In La Línea you will arrive at the bus station about 500m from the border with Gibraltar. In the summer it can take up to 2 hours to cross the border with a car.

Current info for Malaga bus station: Estación de Autobuses de Málaga

Tour buses and coaches can be available at all Andalucian major cities, holiday resorts and some mainland hotels.

By boat

There is a passenger service for Moroccan workers in Gibraltar, although it only runs once per weekend.

Gibraltar receives a large number of visits from cruise ships, and the strait of Gibraltar is one of the busiest shipping lanes in the world. In recent years, over 200 cruise ships call each year on the Port of Gibraltar with a passenger total approaching 350,000. The cruise port is conveniently located at the western end of Waterport Road, about 1.3 km from Casemates Square and Main St. A port call is one of the easiest way to get in to visit Gibraltar, especially given the recent contentious delays at the land border crossing with Spain.

By train

There is no train station in Gibraltar itself. The nearest train station is San Roque-La Línea, which is outside of La Línea proper and about 15 km from the Spain-Gibraltar border. Both bus and taxi are available for the last leg from the train station to Gibraltar.

Get around

On foot

Gibraltar is less than 7 square kilometres, so much of it can be seen on foot. Bear in mind, though, that some of the roads (especially up to the Upper Rock) are very steep. Taxis will take the strain out of the climbs, and all the taxi drivers seem to know all the Barbary macaques by name. Additionally, buses can be a cheap option to expedite things.

By bus

Though Gibraltar's area is small - it is long and thin, so distances can be a bit further than expected. Buses can be paid in pounds or euros. For at least some routes, the option is either for a single journey, or a pass good for unlimited rides that day. If planning to use the bus more than once, a one day pass is best. Of highest interest to the traveller is bus route 2, which in addition to going by the cable car station, is the only bus that visits Europa Point - the southernmost point of Gibraltar, and the one with all the views of Africa.


Gibraltar's official language is English, although most local people also speak Spanish.

That said, most locals converse in Llanito, which is essentially a mix of Andalusian Spanish and British English, a creole unique to Gibraltar. Also keep in mind that many businesses such as cafes and restaurants employ monolingual Spanish workers from across the border. In restaurants, it may not be that different from dining in Spain, language wise.


Stop by the tourist office in Casemates Square (if entering by land, this is immediately after passing through Landport tunnel). The tourist office will give you a map and recommend the following basic itinerary using the blue city buses (check fares). Take bus #2 from Market Place (around the corner of the tourist office) to Europa Point. Take pictures and enjoy Europa Point with the rest of the tourists. Then take the bus #2 back towards Market Place but get off at the cable cars. Ask the driver for help, but you will see the cable cars before the stop. Take the cable cars up to see the Upper Rock and Nature Preserve. Then take the cable car down and window shop Main Street back to Landport tunnel.

Cable cars run from 9.30AM until 5.45PM to the Upper Rock, but the last car up the hill might leave as early as 17.00PM. A "cable car and apes" ticket costs £8 return, while a ticket including entrance to St. Michael's Cave and the Siege Tunnels costs £16. Entrance to each sight costs £8 without this ticket. Alternatively, a 'Taxi-Tour' (typically for 8 people in an MPV) will cost £16 for a 1.5 hr tour, and this includes the fees for entry to the Cave, tunnels and Upper Rock.

A very informative Historic Walking Guide to Gibraltar can be purchased online or in local book shops and provides an excellent companion for those wanting to enjoy Gibraltar's best sites on foot.

  • 1 Europa Point. The southernmost point of Gibraltar, where the Atlantic meets the Mediterranean, and from which the coast of Africa can be seen.
  • 2 Upper Rock. Military installation, and nature reserve where the famous monkeys live (Barbary Macaques).
  • 3 Gorham's Cave complex. A combination of four distinct caves of such importance that they are combined into a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The caves are Gorham's Cave, Vanguard Cave, Hyaena Cave and Bennett's Cave.
  • 4 St Michael's Cave. An impressive natural grotto used by the neolithic inhabitants of the Rock.
  • 5 Siege Tunnels. A system of tunnels dug during the Great Siege which acted as a defence system.
  • Dolphin Watching. Short trips in the bay (several times a day) - there are plenty of playful dolphins to see.
  • Gibraltar Museum, 18-20 Bomb House Ln, ? +350-20074289, e-mail: enquiries@gibmuseum.gi. Mon-Fri 10:00-18:00, 10:00-14:00, closed on Sundays. Admission £2 for adults, £1 for children under 12, free for children under 5.
  • 7 The Mediterranean Steps. For those not afraid of climbing up steps cut out of rock (and with a head for heights), this is a hefty hike that starts at Jew's Gate bird observatory (on the south end of Gibraltar, Queen's Road near Engineer Road) and winds its way up the east side cliff face of the Rock to the summit. The views are fantastic, and the path underwent renovation work in 2007, so it is less treacherous than in the past. If you don't fancy the uphill struggle, you can always get the cable car up and then come down this way - however note, if trying to reach the steps from the cable car - there are *NO* signs posted on how to reach them until one has literally found the beginning of the steps. Make your way to the ape den, continue walking, then take the left (uphill) turn toward the military O'Hare's battery. The steps begin/end here. If unsure - ask along the way.


  • 1 Dolphin Safari, 6 The Square, Marina Bay (cross the runway and take the first exit at the roundabout on the other side of the runway down Bayside Road. Approximately 100 meters walk down a small road on the right just past the pay and display carpark where the sign reads Marina Bay. At the end of that road in the bottom left hand corner walk through the black iron gates to see the two gold dolphins and the check-in offices), ? +350 200 71914. 10AM - 6PM. See the wild Common, Striped and Bottlenose dolphins of Gibraltar so close you could almost touch them. Sail in complete comfort, this boat has front-line cushioned seating and cushioned seating in the indoor observation lounge. £25pa - £15 pc.



The currency of Gibraltar is the Gibraltar pound (GIP) - equivalent in value to the British pound sterling. British pounds are accepted everywhere in Gibraltar, in addition to the local version.

Gibraltar pounds aren't accepted outside of Gibraltar - not even in the UK. If you are travelling to the UK you will be able to exchange them there at a bank for a service fee. If you are travelling elsewhere, then you may not be able to exchange them at all. Best to change any leftover Gibraltar pounds before leaving (free of charge to British pounds), and to ask shops to give your change in UK notes if you aren't going to spend them there.

Gibraltar coins are identical in denomination, colour and size to UK coins, and tend to circulate in the UK without question.

Most shops in Gibraltar will also accept U.S. dollars and Euros, with the risk of getting a poor rate of exchange. Government offices and post offices do not accept foreign currency.

Credit and debit cards are sometimes not accepted in some shops (especially restaurants).


1 Morrisons, Westside Road, Europort, ? +350-20041114. Mon-Sat 08:00-22:00, Sun 08:00-20:00. Large supermarket, selection seems to be the same as in the UK


If you like to sit outside and watch the world go by, head for Casemates Square where a number of pubs & restaurants serve fairly similar meals, with the exception of Cafe Solo which serves good Italian food.

  • 1 Cafe Solo, Grand 3, Casemates Square, ? +350 200 44449.

Irish Town, the road which runs parallel to Main Street has a number of bars, like The Clipper which has good food, friendly staff, and satellite television. They serve a hearty English breakfast. There is also Corks which serves more substantial lunches.

  • 2 The Clipper.
  • 3 Corks.

Queensway Quay is home to The Waterfront, which serves a good quality, if somewhat eclectic menu which ranges from steak to high quality local fish and Indian food. Casa Pepe's, on the other side of the marina is worth a splurge.

  • 4 Casa Pepe's.

If you fancy dining waterside the marinas are worth a vw – The most southerly pub in Europe. Good food, draught Bass and many others on tap. Happy hour daily at 6PM. Full Sunday lunch available.

  • 5 Wembley Bar. Situated in the heart of the south district it is the most southerly pub in Europe. Traditional english pub with views to Africa'.

Marina Bay is home to several restaurants. Bianca's and Charlie's Tavern at Marina Bay are worth a visit, the former being very well known for its busy ambience. Marina Bay has recently also become home to Gibraltar's first Mexican restaurant.

  • 6 Bianca's.
  • 7 Charlie's Steak House & Grill (Charlie's Tavern).

Ocean Village, Gibraltar's newest marina, is an extension to Marina Bay. It is home to several new pubs and restaurants, including a Chinese, and an Indian.

  • 8 O'Reilly's. Situated on Leisure Island, part of the Ocean Village marina complex, the traditional Victorian Irish bar has been designed and built by Ireland's leading design teams.

The Gibraltar Arms is situated next to Stag Bros' at 184 Main Street, telephone 200 72133 or e-mail gibraltararms@events.gi and is open from 7.30am (9.30am on a Sunday) serving meals all day until late.

The Star Bar in Parliament Lane holds itself out as Gibraltar's Oldest bar. With a menu and drinks selection to appeal to most tastes the pub seeks to cater to a wide audience.

The Lord Nelson In Casemates Square, the official home of the Gibraltar Rugby Club and Live Music Venue Of The Year, top entertainment on stage every night. Offers free WiFi.

The Horseshoe 193 Main Street, near King St & Bombhouse Lane & Gibraltar Museum. Small pub with nice outdoor seating, decent prices, homemade pies on the menu, and offers the local beer Gibraltar IPA on tap. Free wifi, ask a staff member. "Jury's", a nice little cafe located on main street, near the Gibraltar Bookshop and Governor's House, has some very nice coffee, breakfasts, simple meals, and some sandwiches to go.

Sai Darbar, 6a Prince Edward Rd, ? +350-20061312. 11:00-15:00, 19:00-23:00. Vegetarian take-away restaurant Vegetarian burgers £3.50.

Eating kosher

There are a number of kosher restaurants, bakeries and minimarkets in Gibraltar. Just ask around, and someone will point you in the right direction. Gibraltar is not the only place you could stock up on kosher food when you're travelling in the Costa del Sol; there are many kosher shops and restaurants in Marbella, Torremolinos and Málaga.


Presumably due to Gibraltar's very limited space - accommodation is expensive. Due to this, many opt for staying across the border in La Línea, Spain & walking across the border. That said:


  • 1 Emile Youth Hostel, Montagu Bastion, Line Wall Rd (just off Casemates Square), ? +350 51106, +350 57686000, fax: +350 51106, e-mail: emilehostel@yahoo.co.uk. Check-out: 10:30. A family-run hostel. It should be noted that the kitchen is not for guests use. Certainly not the best, but closest thing to the border. They also charge for washing clothes £5 and for the wireless internet £5. Well they will probably never change the wifi password: E244F2DDE8. Be sure to type it with caps. You are not allowed to bring your own food into the hostel (probably because they have their own cafe). Although expensive, it's a quiet place near the border. Rates from £18 for a bed in a dorm, £25 for a single room. Cash only.
  • 2 The Cannon Hotel, 9 Cannon Ln (Just off the middle of Main Street), ? +350 20051711. Breakfast from 08:30 to 10:00. Rates starting at £30.00 for a single room with a shared bathroom, including breakfast and wifi.


  • 3 The Queens Hotel, 1 Boyd St (At the south entrance to Main Street), ? +350 20074000, +350 20041682, e-mail: queenshotel@gibtelecom.net. Marketing themselves as "Gibraltar's 'only' Budget Hotel" (not what category they'd put the Cannon in). There is breakfast, internet and AC included in the price, every room has TV. It's very close to bus stop, so you can take bus to Europa Point, and get out near cable car station. Single room £60, double £70, sea view costs extra.


  • 4 The Bristol Hotel, 8-10 Cathedral Square (Near the south end of Main Street), ? +350 20076800, e-mail: reservations@bristolhotel.gi. Rooms from £69.
  • 5 O’Callaghan Eliott Hotel (The Elliot Hotel), 2 Governor’s Parade (Just off Main Street, located roughly half-way between the Cannon and The Queens), ? +350 20070500, e-mail: eliott@ocallaghanhotels.com. Good location and good quality.
  • 6 The Rock Hotel, 3 Europa Rd (About 400 metres south of the Entrance to Main Street, up a fairly steep hill), ? +350 20073000, +350 20073513, e-mail: reservations@rockhotel.gi. Not as central as some of the others mentioned here, but has great views of the bay. It's one of the more expensive hotels in Gibraltar and was where John Lennon and Yoko Ono got married. All rooms have a sea view. Rooms from £160.
  • 7 The Caleta Hotel, Catalan Bay, ? +350 20076501, e-mail: reservations@caletahotel.gi. On the opposite side of the rock from the town, about a 2 miles by road. The upside to the location is a quiet, relaxing atmosphere, one that you're unlikely to get in the Town Centre.


Gibraltar has a favourable corporate tax regime, and many online gambling websites choose to make Gibraltar their base of operations and employ thousands of people in an ever-thriving jobs market.

  • Jobs In Gibraltar, CTS Business Exchange, Ocean Village, ? +350 216 44400.



Gibraltar's international telephone code is +350. All landline numbers in Gibraltar have been prefixed with 200 since 2008, making all numbers 8-digit long now. If you come across with a 5-digit number, just prefix it with 200 (and, of course, with the country code prior to that if you are calling from out of Gibraltar).

The prefix to dial prior to country code for international calls is 00 in Gibraltar.


Free wireless is available in the following places:

  • Fresh - a cafe/bar just down through the archway when leaving the main square towards the bus stops.
  • The Gibraltar Arms - about half way down the main street.
  • The Lord Nelson - just by the tunnel exiting the main square.
  • The Cannon Bar - behind the Catholic Cathedral.
  • The Clipper - on Irish Town near Tuckey's lane. Ask bartender for password.
  • Corks Wine Bar - on Irish Town near the Clipper. WEP key is written on a chalkboard above the bar.
  • The Horseshoe - on Main Street near the Gibraltar Museum & King Street. Ask bartender for password.

Stay safe

Gibraltar has a low crime rate and a large and efficient police force to ensure it stays that way.

There are a few recent reports, however, of people being attacked on the Spanish side of the border while returning to Gibraltar on foot late at night. It might be smart to take a taxi home after dark if you have been drinking at the bars in Spain, especially if you are by yourself.

Stay healthy

Medical treatment

Gibraltar is part of the European Health Insurance Scheme and has a health service similar to the United Kingdom, with a modern hospital. If you are from a participating country, your EHIC card will entitle you to full free emergency medical treatment.

Barbary Macaques

Tourists should be aware that the Barbary macaques are wild animals and do bite. It is advisable not to feed the Barbary macaque, despite encouragement from irresponsible taxi drivers. In addition, there are kiosks recklessly selling 'monkey food', further encouraging this. It is indeed illegal (hefty fines are in force) and bad for their health. Never try to pick up a baby Barbary macaque - its mother will not be happy, and neither will you. If you are bitten by a Barbary macaque, you will require hospital treatment. Whilst the Barbary macaques are rabies-free they can infect you with hepatitis, and they are most aggressive on the top of the rock, as the most successful animals claim the uppermost reaches of the rock, with their less successful fellows being shoved down the rock in their social pecking order.



  • Belgium, 47 Irish Town, P.O. Box 185, ? +350 2007 8352, fax: +350 2007 8646.
  • Denmark, Cloister Building, Market Lane, P.O. Box 554, ? +350 2001 2700, fax: +350 2007 1608, e-mail: consul2danconsul.gi. Mon-Fri 9AM-1PM and 3PM-5PM.
  • Finland, 20 Line Wall Road, P.O. Box 130, ? +350 2007 5149, fax: +350 2007 0513.
  • France, 209 Main Street, ? +350 2007 8830, fax: +350 2007 5867.
  • Greece, Suite 1C, Imossi House, 1/5 Irish Town, P.O. Box 167, ? +350 2007 3500, fax: +350 2007 3550.
  • Israel, Marina View, 39 Glacis Road, P.O. Box 238, ? +350 2007 7735, fax: +350 2007 4301.
  • Italy, 28 Irish Town, ? +350 2004 7096, fax: +350 2004 5591, e-mail: italy@gibraltar.gi.
  • Malta, 20 Admirals Place, Naval Hospital Hill, ? +350 5733 9000, e-mail: maltaconsulgibraltar@gov.mt.
  • Netherlands, Irish House, 92 Irish Town, ? +34 633 893 332, e-mail: consul.netherlands@gibtelcom.net.
  • Norway, Sandpits Vaults, Off Rosia Road, P.O. Box 133, ? +350 2007 7242, fax: +350 2007 7342. Mon-Fri 9AM-5PM.
  • Poland, 35 Governor's Parade, ? +350 2007 4593, fax: +350 2007 9491.
  • Sweden, Cloister Building, Irish Town, P.O. Box 212, ? +350 2007 9200, fax: +350 2007 6189, e-mail: consulgeneral@swedishconsulategibraltar.com. Mon-Fri 9AM-1PM and 2PM-4:30PM.
  • Switzerland, Suite 206, Neptune House, Marine Bay, ? +350 2005 1051, fax: +350 2004 5450, e-mail: gibraltar@honrep.ch.
  • Thailand, 120 Main Street, ? +350 2007 7890.
  • United Kingdom, ? +350 200 51725. Consular assistance for British nationals is provided by HM Government of Gibraltar Civil Status and Registration Office.


People from Gibraltar refer to themselves as Gibraltarian or 'Llanito' pronounced Ya-ni-to. Even though the vast majority of Gibraltarians speak Spanish (with a local dialect), they are easily offended if referred to as Spanish because they regard themselves as Gibraltarians and are very proud of their identity. In fact, Gibraltarians have voted overwhelmingly to remain British in several referendums. Some Gibraltarians also feel sensitive to the erroneous use of the term 'colony' due to its connotations of being a deposited population or ruled by a foreign country or lacking in self-government, none of which apply to Gibraltar either now or historically. Additionally, the term 'colony' is legally incorrect; it is a 'British Overseas Territory'. The term 'colony' wasn't used in reference to Gibraltar until the 1830s, at which time there were other places that were colonies and Gibraltar was grouped with them under the term colonies, despite the circumstances being different.

Although the popular view is that the Spanish Government is the cause of many problems concerning Gibraltar, there is no animosity directed by Gibraltarians towards Spanish individuals in general; Spanish tourists and workers experience no problems. Recent airport agreements have opened up the relationship Gibraltar has with Spain.

Go next

You could travel across the border to visit Cádiz in Southern Spain, or cities such as Algeciras or Jerez de la Frontera. Or you could head south, across the Mediterranean, and visit Morocco, with places such as Tangier and Casablanca ready for visitors.

The Amateur Traveler talks to San Francisco Chronicle Travel Editor Spud Hilton about Gibraltar. This little patch of England at the bottom of Spain is more than just a place where you can see a large rock and get good fish and chips with your tapas. Explore the "rock" and meet the "apes" of Gibraltar. Hear about some of the history as well as the unique traffic challenges of this tiny peninsula. Also learn about Winston Churchill's secret World War 2 monkey plan for Gibraltar. Along the way let me introduce you to Spud Hilton who is one of my favorite travel editors.


From the stark whiteness of Iceland in winter to the vibrant greens found in sun-kissed Bangladesh, it was all about colour in this month’s roundup of our Pathfinders’ top Instagrams.

Every month we share the most eye-catching and interesting captures from our Pathfinders community. Here are our selections for January.

Istanbul, Turkey

A photo posted by Macca Sherifi (@backpackermacca) on Jan 17, 2016 at 5:01am PST

‘Taken just days after the bombings in Istanbul, this is the everlasting beauty of the Blue Mosque, one of those places that you’ve just got to see with your own eyes regardless of what’s going on around you.’ – Macca, A Brit and Abroad.   Why we like it: We love the angle of this shot, and the way it captures the contrast of the warm glow of the lighting against a backdrop of moody shades.

Thingvellir National Park, Iceland


A photo posted by Dan James | Travel Photography (@danflyingsolo) on Jan 11, 2016 at 9:29am PST

Iceland at the start of the new year was a blanket of snow. I thought it might wash the photos out but the beautiful blues of the rivers make for a stunning contrast.’ – Daniel, Dan Flying Solo.   Why we like it: There’s no doubt that Iceland has some epic landscapes to its name, and this aerial shot showcases just one of them. We like how the contrast in the deep blues against the stark whites help depict the full force of nature. It also makes us feel a little chilly!

Black Rock City, Nevada

A photo posted by A:M (@violetspring) on Jan 22, 2016 at 5:39pm PST

‘Amidst this grape-like haze, this magical moment was captured at Burning Man 2015. During this event, as dusk laid its blanket across the sky it would personify the calm before the storm- allowing moments of beautiful, quiet reflection before nights laced with wickedly wonderful behaviour. It was a personal and spiritual experience that will stay with me always and has taught me the essence of being completely consumed by the moment.’ – A, TRPN.   Why we like it: We love the shades of colour captured in this photo and how they progressively deepen, which gives us a sense of calm amidst the busy event.

Andalucia, Spain

A photo posted by A World to Travel (@aworldtotravel) on Jan 17, 2016 at 3:22pm PST

‘There is some magic in finding the right spot for sunset when you are road tripping your way around a new region. Gibraltar’s presence, a unique UK redoubt in the Southern tip of Spain, stands out as lights dim. So close and yet so far.’ – Inma, A World to Travel.   Why we like it: The contrast in the busy Spanish road against the darkness of the mountains and the (very still) rock of Gibraltar in the background, all bought together under a tremendous sunset. The colours really pop out of this shot.

Hum Hum Waterfall Park, Bangladesh

A photo posted by Alice Teacake (@teacaketravels) on Jan 13, 2016 at 6:35am PST

As we waded knee deep through the fresh waters of the park with our guide, our journey was full of joyous moments as the sun kept popping through the trees’ leaves in the sky. I kept back from the group for a minute to soak the natural beauty of Bangladesh up and snap this uplifting shot.’ – Alice, Teacake Travels.   Why we like it: This capture makes us want to reach for our passports, immediately. We love the way the sun filters into this shot which brings out out the gorgeous greens of the lush forestry and an overall element of fantasy.  

For your chance to be featured in our next round up, sign up to Lonely Planet Pathfinders – our programme for travel-loving bloggers and social content creators. In the meantime, you can get more Instagram inspiration by following @lonelyplanet.

The Scoville Heat Unit (SHU) is a subjective scale used for measuring the spicy heat of peppers (and other hot foods). It’s a function of capsaicin concentration, though it’s not as accurate as the actual measurement of the capsaicin content of a pepper because it’s assessed empirically by panels of testers.

In ascending order, here’s how the hottest peppers in the world rank. (Fyi, we’ve blown right past the rather tame jalapeño.)

22. Madame Jeanette (225,000 SHU)

Madame Jeanette


The Madame Jeanette hails from Suriname and is a lovely smooth, yellow pod that packs a surprising punch. Named for a prostitute from Paramaribo, it has neither fruity nor floral undertones — it’s just hot. The Madame Jeanette can commonly be found in traditional Suriname and Antillean cuisine, often tossed into dishes whole to add spice to every bite.

21. Scotch Bonnet (100,000-350,000 SHU)

Scotch Bonnet


The Scotch Bonnet is a Caribbean pepper, and it gets its name from a perceived resemblance to the Scottish Tam o’Shanter (those floppy plaid hats with the pom-poms on top). It has a little bit of sweet to go along with all that spicy and is most commonly found in hot Caribbean dishes like jerk chicken or jerk pork, though it crops up in recipes as far away as West Africa. They’re one of the main ingredients in the famous West Indian hot pepper sauces, which differ from country to country but can be found in almost every household in the Caribbean.

20. White Habanero (100,000-350,000 SHU)

White Habanero


The first of many varieties of the famed habanero to make the cut, the white is particularly rare and difficult to cultivate. These peppers grow on tiny bushes, but each one produces an exceptionally high yield. There’s some debate about whether they originated in Peru or Mexico (some people go so far as to differentiate between Peruvian White Habaneros and Yucatan White Habaneros), but regardless of their origins, these peppers can be found lending heat to traditional Mexican stews and salsas. Their influence has even extended out into the Caribbean, where they’re employed in sauces and marinades.

19. Habanero (100,000-350,000 SHU)



This habanero is the orange kind you can buy in the grocery store, but just because they’re readily available doesn’t mean they’re less vicious than any of their cousins on this list. Originating in the Amazon, this pepper was brought northward through Mexico (where most of them are grown now). The habanero is actually a different variety of the same species as the Scotch Bonnet, though it’s used more in Mexico than in the Caribbean, lending a fruity and floral kick to Yucatanian food.

18. Fatalii (125,000-325,000 SHU)



The first pepper on the list from the Eastern Hemisphere, the Fatalii is a chili from central and southern Africa. Brave souls claim that its flavor is notably citrusy (though how anybody can taste anything through that much burning is beyond me), and so it’s used largely in fruity hot sauces from its native Africa through the Caribbean.

17. Devil’s Tongue (125,000-325,000 SHU)

Devil’s Tongue


Similar in appearance to the Fatalii, and a member of the habanero family, the Devil’s Tongue was first discovered growing in Pennsylvania among its habanero relatives. Nobody’s quite sure where it originated or how it came to be growing in the field of an Amish farmer, but it’s become renowned for its bright, fruity, and sometimes slightly nutty taste. Because its past is a mystery, however, there are no real ‘traditional’ uses for the Devil’s Tongue — experts recommend eating them fresh in salsas or salads, if you can take the heat.

16. Tigerpaw NR (265,000 — 328,000 SHU)



This new type of habanero pepper was scientifically engineered, rather than naturally cultivated. The “NR” in the name signifies nematode resistance, as the US Department of Agriculture’s research division (ARS) developed this particular pepper plant to be resistant to root-knot nematodes, a parasite common to many pepper and tomato plants. Because of its distinctly unnatural upbringing, the Tigerpaw, like the Devil’s Tongue, lacks traditional use in cuisine. However, its similarity to the traditional orange habanero means it’s easily substituted in any of the multitude of habanero recipes used throughout Mexico. (Be cautious: It tends to pack a bigger burn than its more traditional relative.)

15. Chocolate Habanero (aka Congo Black) (300,000-425,000 SHU)

Chocolate habanero


Chocolate Habaneros originated in Trinidad and in fact have absolutely nothing to do with the Congo. This one’s a favorite of many ‘chiliheads,’ who somehow remain conscious long enough to detect a rich, smoky flavor buried somewhere under all that heat. Chocolate habaneros have been dubbed the “ultimate salsa pepper,” though you’re more likely to find them in world-famous Jamaican jerk sauce.

14. Caribbean Red Habanero (300,000-475,000 SHU)

Caribbean Red Habanero


An upgraded version of the habanero, clocking in at almost twice the spice, this adorably small pepper approaches sinister levels of heat. Like many of the other contenders on this list, the Caribbean Red likely hails from the Amazon basin (though some argue for Yucatan origins) and is a staple in Mexican cooking, where it can be commonly found in salsas and hot sauces. More creative uses of the pepper include a guest appearance in “Caribbean Red Pepper Surprise” ice cream, though, according to one consumer, “The surprise is, your brain is on fire, and your taste-buds are in love, but your fillings have melted.”

13. Red Savina (200,000-577,000 SHU)

Red Savina


Yet another habanero cultivar, this bad boy’s been selectively bred for generations to produce larger, heavier, and spicier fruit — to give you some idea of where this list is headed, the Red Savina was the hottest pepper in the world from 1994 to 2006, and we’re not even halfway through. As a close relative of all the habanero peppers, the Red Savina shares the well-established Central American origin story but was developed further in California.

12. Naga Morich (aka Dorset Naga) (1,000,000-1,500,000 SHU)

Naga Morich


Naga Morich means “serpent chili” in Bengali. Sister of the famed Ghost Pepper (yet to come), this beauty is native to northern India and Bangladesh, where it’s often eaten green (read: unripe) and raw, as a side dish. The Dorset Naga is a particular strain of the Naga Morich pepper that was selectively bred for maximum heat — the first pepper on earth to break one million SHU (double the rating of the Red Savina). Aside from mind-numbing heat, they also boast a fruity flavor; some claim to taste notes of orange and pineapple, but personally I find the idea of being able to taste anything amidst the mouth-fire highly suspect.

11. Trinidad Scorpion CARDI (800,000-1,000,000 SHU)

Trinidad Scorpion CARDI


The Trinidad Scorpion gets its name from its homeland and its appearance; its Trinidadian origins are self-evident, as is the rest of it, once you get a look at one. They have a little stinger opposite the stem, which looks like the poisonous barb on the tail of a scorpion. The “CARDI” addendum stands for Caribbean Agricultural Research and Development Institute, the research group responsible for the breeding of this particular pepper. We’re now well within the ‘dangerously hot’ range, a fact further evidenced by the two main uses of the Trinidad Scorpion CARDI: firstly, in military-grade mace, and secondly, mixed in with marine paint to prevent barnacles from growing on the bottoms of boats. But I guess you could put it in your food if you really wanted to.

10. Bhut Jolokia Chocolate (800,000-1,001,304 SHU)


The Bhut Jolokia (aka Naga Jolokia) is more commonly known by its Americanized name, the Ghost Pepper. The chocolate variant of this pepper is a very rare naturally occurring permutation of the standard red and is named not only for its rich coloring but also for its notoriously sweet flavor. Don’t be fooled by the sweetness, though — it’s just as spicy as its red cousin, at over a million SHU. Native to India, the Ghost Pepper is responsible for some of the most brain-searing, tongue-sizzling curries and chutneys in the entire world. However, it’s also used in military weapons and smeared on fences to ward off stampeding elephants.

9. Bhut Jolokia (aka Ghost Pepper) (800,000-1,001,304 SHU)

Bhut Jolokia


There’s not much to be said here that hasn’t already been covered in the section about the Chocolate Ghost Pepper. The standard red variant of this pepper is much easier to find than the chocolate and is the fuel for restaurant challenges and idiotic YouTube videos worldwide. Fun fact: The Ghost Pepper is an inter-species hybrid between the species containing all of the habanero cultivars and the species containing the Tabasco pepper (of taco-sauce fame).

8. 7 Pot Chili (over 1,000,000 SHU)

7 Pot Chili


The 7 Pot Chili gets its name from its alleged ability to provide enough spice for seven pots of stew, and at over a million SHU, I’m inclined to believe it. Unsurprisingly, this little demon is also from Trinidad, where evil peppers grow like weeds, and you’ll find it in many of the same dishes as the other Caribbean peppers in the habanero family — stews, marinades, and hot sauces. The 7 Pot (sometimes called the 7 Pod) displays all-over “pimpling,” a texture only found in the spiciest of peppers (appearing as though they’re boiling themselves from the inside out).

7. Gibraltar (aka Spanish Naga) (1,086,844 SHU)



The Spanish Naga is grown, of course, in Spain but was actually developed in the UK. Like the 7 Pot, this one’s so fiendishly spicy that its skin is bubbling and wrinkled, an effect probably exaggerated by the unique conditions under which it’s grown: The plants have to be kept indoors in enclosed plastic tunnels and subjected to blisteringly hot temperatures in order to churn out peppers that spicy. Since they’re largely man-made, there aren’t any traditional dishes that use the Gibraltar chili, but they’re available in Western Europe if you’re interested in concocting a curry and then never tasting anything again for the rest of your life.

6. Infinity Chili (1,176,182 SHU)

Infinity Chili


Most of the rest of the peppers on this list have been engineered by humans. I guess once we identified the hottest pepper in the world, all we could do from there was make them hotter ourselves. The Infinity Chili was engineered in the UK by breeder Nick Woods, but it only held the world record for two weeks before it was ousted by the next contender, the Naga Viper. Like the previous two, this pepper is red and wrinkly and shriveled and horrible looking — as would you be after eating it.

5. Naga Viper (1,382,118 SHU)

Naga Viper


Nature never intended this pepper to exist. It’s so strange, so very unholy in its spiciness, that the plants can’t actually produce offspring exactly like the parent. Okay, fine, it’s not because it’s an evil abomination — it’s an unstable three-way genetic hybrid between the Naga Morich, the Bhut Jolokia, and the Trinidad Scorpion, which can’t naturally incorporate the genes from all three breeds into its seeds. If you want to grow it, you have to get the seeds from its human creator, Gerald Fowler (and the waiting list is several thousand people long).

4. 7 Pod Douglah (aka Chocolate 7 Pot) (923,000-1,853,396 SHU)

7 Pod Douglah


The mean sister of the 7 Pot Chili, the Douglah (also known as the Chocolate 7 Pot) is characterized by heavily textured dark brown or even purple skin. This pepper comes agonizingly close to 2 million SHU — so one would imagine flavor is the last thing anyone’s thinking about as they’re lying on the floor, weeping — and yet, many say the Douglah is one of the most deliciously flavorful peppers, with a full-bodied fruitiness unmatched by others of its spice level. Hailing from Trinidad, land of the brutal pepper, this variety can be found in many of the same dishes as the other Caribbean contenders.

3. Trinidad Scorpion Butch T (1,463,700 SHU)


This cultivar of the Trinidad Scorpion is the pride and joy of Butch Taylor, owner of Zydeco Hot Sauce in Mississippi. Tiny, red, and sinister, this pepper has a little stinger on the end, characteristic of the scorpion peppers. The Scorpion Butch T is so spicy you have to wear safety gear to cook with it (that means masks, gloves, full-body suits — the works), and cooks have claimed numbness in their hands for up to two days afterwards.

2. Trinidad Moruga Scorpion (2,009,231 SHU)


The Moruga Scorpion, the first pepper ever to break 2 million SHU, held the world record for spiciness for several years and hails from, you guessed it, Trinidad. Each fruit is about the size of a golf ball and contains as much capsaicin as 25 milliliters of police-grade pepper spray. This is the spiciest naturally occurring pepper known to man, but, like the Douglah, it’s also famously fruity and flavorful. Fans recommend adding a small amount to any dish for an explosion of flavor, as well as the endorphin rush that accompanies the consumption of something that spicy.

1. Carolina Reaper (1,569,383-2,200,000 SHU)

Carolina Reaper


This is it. The big one. The grand emperor of spicy peppers. The Carolina Reaper claimed its crown in November of 2013 as the spiciest pepper of all time, blowing the Moruga Scorpion’s measly 2 million SHU away by over 200,000 units. And it’s one nasty-looking pepper, fully equipped with the texture and scorpion tail of the Trinidadian heavyweights, though it lacks the natural heritage of the Moruga Scorpion. The Reaper was engineered in South Carolina by Ed Currie, owner of PuckerButt Pepper Co. They have a whole line of Reaper-based merch available on their website, if you’re brave. Personally, I like the taste of food, so I have to pass. What can I say? I fear the Reaper. More like this: 9 ways to enjoy hot chiles in Mexico


Henry M. Field


Gibraltar Historic Walking Guides

Tristan Cano

The Rock of History on the edge of Europe Across the border from Spain, the tiny British colony of Gibraltar is packed full of history dating back to the days the very earth rose out of the sea to form the iconic Rock. For the visitor today, the compact nature of Gibraltar ensures all areas can be explored easily by foot, with spectacular scenery along the way. The eight themed walks found in this book explore every corner of Gibraltar from its guns and defensive fortifications to its Moorish past. They cover the Upper Rock nature reserve, the history of the Royal Navy in Gibraltar and the length of the peninsula from the frontier to Europa Point, as well as a section dealing with nearby Spain. Between them these walks chart a broad spectrum of interests as well as providing a whole host of practical information for visitors to Gibraltar. • Clear maps, times and distances • Plan your walk by theme • Museum and building opening times • Historic eating, drinking and hotel suggestions • Personal guidance from the author

Gibraltar Travel Guide (Quick Trips Series): Sights, Culture, Food, Shopping & Fun

Shane Whittle

Enjoy your trip to Spain with the Gibraltar Travel Guide: Sights, Culture, Food, Shopping & Fun.The Quick Trips to Spain Series provides key information about the best sights and experiences if you have just a few days to spend in the exciting destination of Gibraltar. So don't waste time! We give you sharp facts and opinions that are accessible to you quickly when in Gibraltar. Like the best and most famous sightseeing attractions & fun activities (including Upper Rock Nature Reserve, The Gibraltar Apes, The Tunnels, Europa Point, Lighthouse at Europa Point, Our Lady of Europe, Mosque Ibrahim al Ibrahim, Alameda Botanic Gardens, Moorish Castle Complex, Caves of Gibraltar, St Michael's Cave, Gorman's Cave, Forbes Quarry, Rosia Bay, Gibraltar Museum, Casemates Square, John Mackintosh Square, 100 Ton Gun, Churches of Gibraltar), where to experience the local culture, great local restaurant choices and accommodation for the budget-minded. Where to shop until you drop, party the night away and then relax and recover!Also included is information about the typical weather conditions in Gibraltar, Entry Requirements, Health Insurance, Travelling with Pets, Airports & Airlines in Spain, Currency, Banking & ATMs, Credit Cards, Reclaiming VAT, Tipping Policy, Mobile Phones, Dialling Code, Emergency numbers, Public Holidays in Spain, Time Zone, Daylight Savings Time, School Holidays, Trading Hours, Driving Laws, Smoking Laws, Drinking Laws, Electricity, Tourist Information (TI), Food & Drink Trends, and a list of useful travel websites.The Gibraltar Travel Guide: Sights, Culture, Food, Shopping & Fun - don't visit Spain without it!Available in print and in ebook formats.

Gibraltar Travel Guide: Sightseeing, Hotel, Restaurant & Shopping Highlights

Amanda Morgan

The Rock of Gibraltar is a beautiful outcrop close to Spain’s Costa del Sol. For more than two centuries it has been a possession of the United Kingdom. Gibraltar's interesting caves and labyrinthine tunnels fascinate its visitors. Introduction to Gibraltar - Culture - Orientation & Location - Climate & When to Visit - Sightseeing Highlights - Upper Rock Nature Reserve - The Apes of Gibraltar - The Tunnels - Europa Point - Lighthouse at Europa Point - Our Lady of Europe - Mosque Ibrahim al Ibrahim - Alameda Botanic Gardens - Moorish Castle Complex - Caves of Gibraltar - St Michael's Cave - Gorman's Cave - Forbes Quarry - Rosia Bay - Gibraltar Museum - Casemates Square - John Mackintosh Square - 100 Ton Gun - Churches of Gibraltar - Recommendations for the Budget Traveller - Places to Stay - Con Dios - Bristol Hotel - Queen's Hotel - Cannon Hotel - Governor's Inn - Places to Eat - Gatsby's - Bean & Gone Cafe - Sacarello's Gibraltar - Cafe Solo - Places to Shop - Duty-Free Shopping on Gibraltar - Buying Jewellery - Gibraltar Crystal Factory - Electronics - Main Street, Gibraltar

Gibraltar 1:10,000 Travel Map (International Travel Maps)

ITM Canada

Folded plan of Gibraltar City at the scale of 1:10,000 and a travel map covering both coasts of Strait of Gibraltar (i.e. Andalucia and northern tip of Morocco including Ceuta) at the scale of 1:80,000. Distinguishes roads ranging from freeways to other roads. Legend includes railroads, ferry routes, international airports, border crossings, gas stations, points of interest, museums, caves, beaches, tourist info, hotels, archaeological sites, golf courses, camping, ruins, churches, hospitals, mines, restaurants. Includes a place name index.

Gibraltar Historic Walking Guides

Tristan Cano

The Rock of History on the edge of Europe Across the border from Spain, the tiny British colony of Gibraltar is packed full of history dating back to the days the very earth rose out of the sea to form the iconic Rock. For the visitor today, the compact nature of Gibraltar ensures all areas can be explored easily by foot, with spectacular scenery along the way. The nine themed walks found in this book explore every corner of Gibraltar from its guns and defensive fortifications to its Moorish past. They cover the Upper Rock nature reserve, the history of the Royal Navy in Gibraltar and the length of the peninsula from the frontier to Europa Point, as well as a section dealing with nearby Spain. Between them these walks chart a broad spectrum of interests as well as providing a whole host of practical information for visitors to Gibraltar. • Clear maps, times and distances • Plan your walk by theme • Museum and building opening times • Historic eating, drinking and hotel suggestions • Personal guidance from the author

Adventure and Cycle Touring: 5000K on a bike to Gibraltar, the Story of an Adventurous Spirit and Life on the Road (Travel, Outdoors, Cycling, Lifestyle, Adventure Cycling)

Erik Carl Johan Olsson

Join an epic adventure and discover where your passion can take you"To go or not to go, that has always been the main question. It is so easy to say, yet so difficult to do. My idea was to head out on a great adventure, on a bike from Gothenburg, my native city in southwest Sweden, to Gibraltar on the southern edge of the Iberian Peninsula."With a fully loaded bike, weighing around 28 kilos, and a bunch of maps Erik set off towards Gibraltar. The only vital piece of information he carried with him, was that clearly drawn route on the maps. Together with a compass, the direction seemed clear enough. Yet, it was only when boarding the ferry between Sweden and Denmark he fully realized where he was heading. He was now living the dream, the dream of crossing six countries and travelling 5000 kilometers towards the edge of Europe, propelled by his own human power."I am a romantic at heart; I truly believe so. The idea of propelling myself forward through the countries of Europe at a good pace, biking along fields, canals, villages and mountains was highly attractive. I wanted to bike in the dawn when the rays of the sun persistently try to reach the horizon and conquer the sky, and at times where the sun is at its zenith, and it’s 45 degrees. I would choose my own speed, and I would be in total control through all possible environments and landscapes. The only thing constant during this journey would be myself, and my bike. I would be a constant, in an ever-changing environment."A tale which has the ability to change your perspective of lifeAdventure and Cycle Touring: 5000K on a bike to Gibraltar, is something more than a traditional tale about travelling and seeing the world. The story follows the structure of a daily diary where Erik writes about the highs and the lows of the journey, ideas about its very purpose, together with a large dose of humor. Moreover, he writes about what and whom he encounters along the way. At the end of it though, the book is a tale about passion and what anyone can accomplish if you set your mind to it.Highlights of the bookThe book is written as a diary. These following points are just some of the highlights and main ingredients of the bookDiscover your passion, ideas about adventurismSome rather humorous encounters and episodesOn-the-road philosophy and existential ponderingQuite practical advice when cycle-touringAn assortment of accommodation possibilities and sleeping arrangementsA list of how tough things can actually be while out cyclingAn appreciation of life on a bikeWant an adventure? Go for it!


Henry M. Field

The common tour in Spain does not include Gibraltar. Indeed it is not a part of Spain, for, though connected with the Spanish Peninsula, it belongs to England; and to one who likes to preserve a unity in his memories of a country and people, this modern fortress, with its English garrison, is not "in color" with the old picturesque kingdom of the Goths and Moors. Nor is it on the great lines of travel. It is not touched by any railroad, and by steamers only at intervals of days, so that it has come to be known as a place which it is at once difficult to get to and to get away from. Hence easy-going travellers, who are content to take circular tickets and follow fixed routes, give Gibraltar the go-by, though by so doing they miss a place that is unique in the world—unique in position, in picturesqueness, and in history. That mighty Rock, "standing out of the water and in the water," (as on the day when the old world perished;) is one of the Pillars of Hercules, that once marked the very end of the world; and around its base ancient and modern history flow together, as the waters of the Atlantic mingle with those of the Mediterranean. Like Constantinople, it is throned on two seas and two continents. As Europe at its southeastern corner stands face to face with Asia; at its southwestern it is face to face with Africa: and these were the two points of the Moslem invasion. But here the natural course of history was reversed, as that invasion began in the West. Hundreds of years before the Turk crossed the Bosphorus, the Moor crossed the Straits of Gibraltar. His coming was the signal of an endless war of races and religions, whose lurid flames lighted up the dark background of the stormy coast. The Rock, which was the "storm-centre" of all those clouds of war, is surely worth the attention of the passing traveller. That it has been so long neglected, is the sufficient reason for an attempt to make it better known.

Exercise normal security precautions

The decision to travel is your responsibility. You are also responsible for your personal safety abroad. The purpose of this Travel Advice is to provide up-to-date information to enable you to make well-informed decisions.


The crime rate is low. Petty crime occurs, such as pickpocketing and theft of unattended baggage. Unattended vehicles are occasional targets. Exercise normal precautions and ensure that your personal belongings, passports and other travel documents are secure at all times.

Spiked food and drinks

Never leave food or drinks unattended or in the care of strangers. Be wary of accepting snacks, beverages, gum, or cigarettes from new acquaintances, as they may contain drugs that could put you at risk of sexual assault and robbery.

Road travel

Persons travelling overland between Gibraltar and Spain may experience delays at the border. Occasionally, overland travel is completely cut off, leaving air travel as the only way into Gibraltar.

Consult our Transportation Safety page in order to verify if national airlines meet safety standards.

Emergency services

Dial 112 for emergency assistance. 


Related Travel Health Notices
Consult a health care provider or visit a travel health clinic preferably six weeks before you travel.

Routine Vaccines

Be sure that your routine vaccines are up-to-date regardless of your travel destination.

Vaccines to Consider

You may be at risk for these vaccine-preventable diseases while travelling in this country. Talk to your travel health provider about which ones are right for you.

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is a disease of the liver spread through blood or other bodily fluids. Travellers who may be exposed (e.g., through sexual contact, medical treatment or occupational exposure) should get vaccinated.


Seasonal influenza occurs worldwide. The flu season usually runs from November to April in the northern hemisphere, between April and October in the southern hemisphere and year round in the tropics. Influenza (flu) is caused by a virus spread from person to person when they cough or sneeze or through personal contact with unwashed hands. Get the flu shot.


Measles occurs worldwide but is a common disease in developing countries, particularly in parts of Africa and Asia. Measles is a highly contagious disease. Be sure your vaccination against measles is up-to-date regardless of the travel destination.

Yellow Fever Vaccination

Yellow fever is a disease caused by the bite of an infected mosquito.

Travellers get vaccinated either because it is required to enter a country or because it is recommended for their protection.

* It is important to note that country entry requirements may not reflect your risk of yellow fever at your destination. It is recommended that you contact the nearest diplomatic or consular office of the destination(s) you will be visiting to verify any additional entry requirements.
  • There is no risk of yellow fever in this country.
Country Entry Requirement*
  • Proof of vaccination is not required to enter this country.
  • Vaccination is not recommended.

Food and Water-borne Diseases

Travellers to any destination in the world can develop travellers' diarrhea from consuming contaminated water or food.

In some areas in Southern Europe, food and water can also carry diseases like hepatitis A. Practise safe food and water precautions while travelling in Southern Europe. When in doubt, remember…boil it, cook it, peel it, or leave it!


Insects and Illness

In some areas in Southern Europe, certain insects carry and spread diseases like Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, leishmaniasis, Lyme disease, tick-borne encephalitis and West Nile virus.

Travellers are advised to take precautions against bites.



There is no risk of malaria in this country.


Animals and Illness

Travellers are cautioned to avoid contact with animals, including dogs, snakes, rodents, birds, and bats. Some infections found in Southern Europe, like rabies, can be shared between humans and animals.


Person-to-Person Infections

Crowded conditions can increase your risk of certain illnesses. Remember to wash your hands often and practice proper cough and sneeze etiquette to avoid colds, the flu and other illnesses.

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV are spread through blood and bodily fluids; practise safer sex.

Medical services and facilities

Medical services and facilities

Medical facilities and services are generally good. Some clinics and hospitals may expect immediate cash payment for medical services.

Keep in Mind...

The decision to travel is the sole responsibility of the traveller. The traveller is also responsible for his or her own personal safety.

Be prepared. Do not expect medical services to be the same as in Canada. Pack a travel health kit, especially if you will be travelling away from major city centres.

You are subject to local laws. Consult our Arrest and Detention page for more information.

Canada and United Kingdom are signatories to the European Convention on the Transfer of Sentenced Persons. This enables a Canadian imprisoned in United Kingdom to request a transfer to a Canadian prison to complete a sentence. The transfer requires the agreement of both Canadian and British authorities.

Driving laws

Although Gibraltar is a British territory, traffic drives on the right. You can drive on a valid Canadian driver’s licence.


The currency is the Gibraltar pound (GIP), which is at par with the pound sterling (GBP).

Credit cards and traveller’s cheques are widely accepted. Bank of England banknotes and coinage circulate in Gibraltar.


Gibraltar is subject to periodic droughts. It is also located in an active seismic zone.