Lesotho is a small and poor country totally surrounded by South Africa.
Known as the Kingdom in the Sky because of its lofty altitude — its lowest point is the highest of any country in the world at 1,400 m and is the only whole country that could be called a "Munro" since it is entirely above 900 m (3,000 ft)! Lesotho is a fantastic adventure holiday destination because of its smiling and resourceful people and bracing climate.
Before European settlement of the area, the Sotho-Tswana people lived in what is now Free State in neighbouring South Africa. They were a farming people, and when the Zulus started attacking villages and the Dutch Voortrekkers started encroaching on their land, they fled up into the Lesotho mountains. Here, continuous attacks from the Zulus forced local tribes to join together for protection, and by 1824, King Moeshoeshoe had established himself as king and Thaba Bosiu as his mountain fortress.
Moeshoeshoe later allied himself with the British Cape Colony government in a bid to protect the Basotho from the Boers' rapidly increasing presence in the area. Much fighting followed, forcing Moeshoeshoe to go straight to the imperial government of the British, and in 1868, Basotholand (as it was then called, later to be called Basutoland) became a protectorate of the British Empire. It gained independence within the Commonwealth of Nations on 4 Oct 1966.
The Kingdom of Lesotho was formed through the pursuit of peace, and this peaceful nature still exists in the Basotho. They are a friendly and welcoming people and do not have the aggressive history some of the peoples of neighbouring countries have. People are especially grateful to Brits, and the older generation will come up to a Brit and tell them how much they thank them for saving them from Apartheid!
Lesotho has 300 days of sunshine. The rainy season extends from October to April in which Lesotho gets 70mm of rainfall, mostly during severe thunderstorms. Extensive snow falls are possible in winter but may occur in any month on the high mountains. Night time temperatures go below freezing in winter (May — September)- and houses do not feature central heating, so bring a jacket.
Foreign nationals of the following countries/territories can enter Lesotho visa-free:
For up to 90 days: Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Botswana, Brunei, Cameroon, Dominica, Fiji Gambia, Grenada, Guyana, Hong Kong SAR, Ireland, Israel, Jamaica, Japan, Kenya, Kiribati, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mauritius, Monaco, Namibia, Nauru, North Korea, Papua New Guinea, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, South Africa, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Swaziland, Tanzania, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Kingdom, United States, Vanuatu, Zambia and Zimbabwe
Your passport needs to be valid for another six months and you need at least two blank pages. The proof of a return or onward ticket or your future travel plans might be asked, but this should not be a problem.
If you require a visa to enter Lesotho, you might be able to apply for one at a British embassy, high commission or consulate in the country where you legally reside if there is no foreign mission of Lesotho. For example, the British embassies/consulates in Al Khobar, Almaty, Belgrade, Budapest, Damascus , Geneva, Guatemala City, Jeddah, Prague, Pristina, Riyadh, Rome, Sofia, Vienna and Zurich accept Lesotho visa applications (this list is not exhaustive). British diplomatic posts charge £50 to process a Lesotho visa application and an extra £70 if the authorities in Lesotho require the visa application to be referred to them. The authorities in Lesotho can also decide to charge an additional fee if they correspond with you directly.
Moshoeshoe Airport is located 18km from Maseru. South African Airways  and Airlink  operate daily flights between Maseru and Johannesburg, typically costing around 1,400 South African rand (R). Luggage is lost very regularly and there is no lost luggage reporting system. You should arrange taxi pick-up in advance as often there are no taxis at the airport. Taxis charge around R50-80.
There is no train line within Lesotho, but the South African railway line Bloemfontein Bohlokong (freight only) runs along the northwestern Lesotho border, with a stop in Meqheleng.
You will be coming from South Africa when entering by car. The major border posts are Caledonspoort, Ficksburg Bridge, Makhaleng Bridge, Maseru Bridge, Ngoangoma Gate, Peka Bridge, Qacha's Nek, Ramatseliso's Gate, Sani Pass, Sephaphos Gate, Tele Bridge and Van Rooyen's Gate. Please note that some of the border posts can only be accessed by four-wheel driven cars, and only Maseru Bridge and Ficksburg Bridge are open 24 hours; other borders can close as early as 4PM.
The Sani Pass Road (P318) from north of Himesville to the South African Border control point 7 km from the border is fine for normal cars. From there, it's officially 4WD, high clearance vehicles only until the Sani Top South African border police post. The South Africans may not bother to tell you that after you leave their control point this "road" then becomes a narrow, winding and incredibly steep, rocky track that feels like you are climbing into a mist shrouded, lost world if they feel like a laugh. Once you have started the final climb you are committed, since there is no room to turn around if you find the challenge too great for you or your vehicle. However, going into Lesotho from the border, the Sani pass road has been sealed and is in very good condition all the way to Maseru (Nov 2016).
The main roads in Lesotho are similar to minor roads in Europe — they are sealed, and free of potholes. The A1 road (aka 'Main North') is tarred from Maseru to Mokhotlong, and the A2 (aka 'Main South') is tarred from Maseru to Qacha's Nek. The roads to Roma, Mohale Dam, Semonkong and Katse Dam are also tarred. For the visitor, the only unsealed road you are likely to use is the last 20km to Malealea, which is easy in a saloon. Note that the road running east-west to Thaba Tseka is now sealed and in good condition.
If setting off in to the mountains, check your car over before the trip (top up the oil, pump the spare tyre, etc.) There are some steep climbs which require 2nd or even 1st gear to get up — so don't attempt to drive to Qacha's Nek with 5 people squeezed into a hired 1.3 litre CitiGolf.
If in doubt, please ask locals if the road you are going to take is okay, especially during wintertime. The truth is that if you keep to the main roads you are likely to drive on a road smoother than Eastern Free State (RSA) roads. However the stretch from Oxbow to Mokhotlong is not tarred (regardless of some maps that claim it is) and very potholed.
When taking a rented car, be sure to get permission from the rental company to take the car into Lesotho. You will need to show written permission from the rental company at border control. Be clear with your rental agency about what's covered and what's not in order to avoid unpleasant surprises. Full coverage doesn't necessarily mean full coverage.
Finally, petrol can be a problem if you wish to go to the mountains, it is best to fill up in Butha-Buthe if you wish to go to Mokhotlong as there are no fillings stations all the way to the district's camptown which goes by the same name, If you wish to go to Thaba-Tseka you can fill up at Maseru or Hlotse, or any of the towns you will come across such as Lejone, Seshote and 'Mamohau depending on which route you took. You will find both leaded and unleaded petrol (gasoline) including diesel in most filling stations, there are multiple filling stations in most towns. Diesel fuel dispensers are usually remote normally behind the filling stations.
Vaal-Maseru  runs a coach service between Johannesburg and Maseru.
Minibuses run pretty much anywhere from the Maseru Bridge border, but you must get there early in the morning (07:00) as there may be only 1 bus a day.
If travelling in from Bloemfontein you could hitch-hike easily enough (look out for Lesotho number plates). If going from Maseru to Bloemfontein, hanging around the border (especially on a Saturday morning) should get you a lift (offer some money).
Regular taxis (you phone, they pick you up) and 4+1s — have a yellow stripe down the side and squeeze in 4 passengers. Always check the cost of a taxi before you get in.
Phone +266 627 45199 for Khosana at Comfort Taxis Phone +266 631 66000 for Perfect taxis - well run and partly owned by an English Ex-pat Phone +266 584 01360 for a local guy who has a good car and is extremely reliable. Call him Tom Taxi and he will know that you are legitimate and that you know the right fares.
As with most of Africa the minibus 'taxi' (aka combi or Toyota Hiace) is the transport of the people.
Be sure you are clear on where the minibus is going (there should be a sign in the front windscreen), you'll be asked for money after a minute or two, with money being passed down the minibus. Try to get the front seat by the driver for more leg room. Prices are fixed by the government. There is a risk of overcharging foreigners — ask the other passengers if you are not sure of the price. Be warned, the reason the Minibus taxis are so cheap is because of the way they fit so many people in. Don't be surprised to see kids sitting on laps four or five high, or to be told to have large amounts of luggage on your lap or wedged in around you. The Minibus taxis tend to be poorly maintained and are not insured. However, very few accidents involving taxis occur.
Intercity travel by taxi will cost no more than M50 (maloti) for a single way ticket, and inner city minibus taxi rides will cost you around M2.50 (4+1s will cost you M20 for the whole car, no matter how many are with you, provided its within a city.)
Always check the cost of a taxi before you get in.
Upon arrival in one of the main towns, you will notice that all the minibuses are hooting their horns, which is to signal that they have space for more passengers. To flag one down, just wave to a taxi as it approaches, the conductor (who will be leaning out of the window on the kerbside of the van) will usually be shouting the destination of the taxi. If you are not sure it will be going where you want to go, ask before you get on!
In Maseru, there is a place called Setopong on Moeshoeshoe Road, near to the Shoprite by The Circle / Cathedral. This is where all the minibus taxis leave from, and if you want a taxi out of town, you should head here. However, it is a very busy and bustling place, heaving with people. It is easiest to take a 4+1 taxi toward Setopong and ask the driver to drop you off near the taxis that travel to the part of the country you are headed.
It is also possible to hire a car and travel around. The Sun hotels in Maseru both have hire car places, as does the airport. If you hire your car in South Africa (probably cheaper than hiring in Lesotho) be sure to get permission to take the car across into Lesotho (the hire car insurance may not cover Lesotho).
But it's nowhere near as fun as getting up close to the locals and chatting with them!
You don't need a 4x4 to see the main sights in Lesotho — for the average visitor only the road to Semonkong will need a 4x4. The road is tarred to Mokhotlong (via Leribe) and is now tarred all the way to Qacha's Nek going south from Maseru. In the towns some side roads are unsealed but you can bump along in a saloon easily enough — If heading off in to the mountains on unsealed roads (e.g. to the Kao diamond mine) then a 4x4 is a must. The same goes for Thaba Tseka and going up or down the Sani pass.
When driving it's not advisable to stop at junctions or traffic lights at night — there is a very small chance of something nasty happening.
The official languages are Sesotho and English.
Most people in the larger towns or tourist attractions speak English to a reasonable standard and a few words of Afrikaans; however, outside these areas, these languages will not be understood.
Lesotho's currency is the loti (plural maloti), denoted by the symbol "L" (for one loti) "M" (for more than one loti) (ISO code: LSL). It is fixed at a 1:1 ratio with the South African rand (ZAR), as are the Namibian dollar and the Swazi emalilangeni. South African currency is accepted everywhere — there is no need to change money. However you will get maloti in change (unless you ask), which is very difficult to unload in South Africa and pretty well impossible elsewhere.
There are ATMs at banks in most towns, although you will not find them elsewhere. Most banks will change travellers cheques for you, but it can be a very, very lengthy process if they are in any other currency apart from South African rand.
There are several Western style supermarkets in Maseru, which are good for stocking up on supplies in before heading elsewhere in the country.
If you're after locally made goods and crafts, your best bet is to give Maseru a miss, and head to Teyateyaneng (TY) or Hlotse, where the markets are far better and cheaper. You can buy traditional Basotho hats (Mokorotlo), sticks (molamo), rugs and various other curios. In particular, the Basotho blanket is a hallmark of Basotho culture. Equally popular in South Africa, they were brought by the English for trading purposes, but overtime became ingrained in Basotho culture and are worn as casual and formal attire. They are sold in shops and markets all over Lesotho but best prices are most likely to be found in Maseru, TY or Mafekeng.
Credit cards will be accepted in Shoprite and the main hotels, but not elsewhere. Your cashcard from home may work in some Maseru cash machines (FNB or Standard Bank) but best to get cash out in South Africa beforehand.
Restaurants outside of Maseru (and most in Maseru) will probably not accept credit card as a means of payment.
There are many Western style restaurants in Maseru. For a more traditional meal, why not befriend some locals and see what they cook you?
Maluti beer is superb.
Lesotho hosts dozens of hotels, lodges and guesthouses. A full list can be found on the website of the Lesotho Tourism Development Corporations .
For current happenings in Lesotho the weekly Public Eye newspaper is a good source of info.
It is risky to walk in Maseru alone.
As with pretty much everywhere else in the world, you may find friendly chats with locals turn in to veiled requests for money — stick to your principles and only give to registered charities.
At night time, it is the norm to drive through red lights — this is more just to speed up your journey (the police won't care), but also a precaution against carjackings.
The HIV/AIDS incidence rate in Lesotho is the 3rd highest in the world at around 25% or 1 in 4 people infected. Even more worrying is the prevalence rate of around 50 percent for women under 40 in urban areas.
Consult a doctor as to which vaccinations you will require, but they will most likely include Hep A, Hep B, and Typhoid. If you are staying in rural areas for a long time then a rabies shot would be a good idea. Tropical diseases such as malaria, yellow fever and bilharzia are not present in Lesotho.
It is a very good idea to carry some sterile needles and dressing in your first aid kit — the hospitals throughout Lesotho are not of a very high standard.
If you do have any serious health problems while in Lesotho, get in contact with your country's embassy either in Maseru, or in most cases, in Pretoria in South Africa, as there are very good hospitals across the border in SA for those who can afford to use them.
Lesotho is a high, mountainous plateau, and in the remote Highlands a few people may suffer from altitude sickness when they first arrive. Drink a lot of water and keep covered up, skin burns quickly in the thin mountain air. It gets hot in the sun in the summer.
The water in Lesotho is not clean and should not be drunk untreated. Be warned about street vendors who sell fizzy drinks as these are usually in unclean reused glass bottles.
Pack moisturizer! Lesotho's air is dry and some people will suffer from dry skin.
Try and learn a few Sesotho words before travelling to Lesotho. The locals appreciate a foreigner who has made the effort to learn their language. Always refer to an elder person, or a person of higher social standing as N'tate (male) or M'e (female).
Lumela (pronounced due-mela) is hello. So you would say Lumela N'tate or Lumela M'e. Kea leboha (sounds like kia-lebh-oha) - is thank you U phela joang (O-pila-joang) - how are you Respond with either hantle (well) or Ke phila hantle (I am well) Sala hantle (as it is written) is "stay well" if they are staying and you are going. Equivalent to goodbye. Tsamaea hantle is "go well" if they are going and you are staying
Always respond to people: It is very offensive to ignore someone who greets you. As a foreigner, locals will be keen to say hello and ask you what you're up to in their country.
Never get angry at anyone; in the Basotho culture, people never show frustration towards others, and if you do, then you can easily offend someone. You will almost certainly get frustrated when dealing with Lesotho officialdom, always keep your cool no matter how much buffoonery you are subjected to. To show respect when giving and receiving items, use both hands. Also show a respect for food — don't throw it around, or eat whilst walking.
In Maseru, there are several internet cafes, although fairly cheap (usually LSL0.20-0.50 per min) they are pretty slow at best.
The cellphone network is OK in the towns, but fair out in the countryside. The only British cell phone network that has a roaming agreement is Vodafone. There are two mobile operators in Lesotho, Vodacom and Econet Telecom Lesoth. Vodacom has the widest coverage outside the towns, but is the (more) oversubscribed, and hence the less reliable. You can buy a Vodacom or Ezicel Buddie pay as you go sim card for under M50 in Maseru — worthwhile if you are staying for a while. Cellphones are available for hire in Maseru. Lesotho uses GSM900. The networks are pretty good now; both have 4G options.
If you have a South African Vodacom Sim Card, you can use it in Lesotho only on the Vodacom network. Be sure to enable roaming.
The Kingdom of Lesotho is a mountainous enclave in southern Africa, and like mountain zones throughout the world it is isolated, steeped in tradition, and home to few outsiders. The people, known as Basotho, are respected in the area as the only tribe never to be defeated by European colonizers. Greg Alder arrives in Tšoeneng in 2003 as the village’s first foreign resident since 1966. Back then, the Canadian priest who had been living there was robbed and murdered in his quarters. Set up as a Peace Corps teacher at the village’s secondary school, Alder finds himself incompetent in so many unexpected ways. How do you keep warm in this place where it snows but there is no electricity? How do you feed yourself where there are no grocery stores let alone restaurants? Tšoeneng is a world apart from his home in America, but Alder persists in adapting. He learns to grow food, he learns to speak the strange local language, and he makes enough friends such that he is eventually invited to participate in initiation rites. Yet even as he seems accepted into the Tšoeneng fold, he sees how much of an outsider he will always remain—and perhaps want to remain. The Mountain School is insightful and candid, at times accepting and at times rebellious. It is the ultimate tale of the transplant.
Lonely Planet: The world's leading travel guide publisher
Lonely Planet South Africa, Lesotho & Swaziland is your passport to the most relevant, up-to-date advice on what to see and skip, and what hidden discoveries await you. Hike to the summit of Table Mountain, enjoy the diverse wildlife at Kruger National Park, or power down in a traditionally designed rondavel; all with your trusted travel companion. Get to the heart of South Africa, Lesotho & Swaziland and begin your journey now!
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The Perfect Choice: Lonely Planet South Africa, Lesotho & Swaziland , our most comprehensive guide to South Africa, Lesotho & Swaziland, is perfect for both exploring top sights and taking roads less travelled.Looking for a guide focused on Cape Town? Check out Lonely Planet's Cape Town & the Garden Route for a comprehensive look at all the city has to offer. Looking for more extensive coverage? Check out Lonely Planet's Southern Africa for a comprehensive look at all the region has to offer.
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A brief yet detailed report on the country of Lesotho with updated information on the map, flag, history, people, economics, political conditions in government, foreign affairs, and U.S. relations.
This detailed Map of Lesotho shows the railways with stations, bordercrossings, border control points, airports (tarred runway), hotes and sites. It also comes with a inset of maseru.
The Rough Guide to South Africa is the definitive guide to one of the world's most fascinating and varied countries. Discover the best the country has to offer with stunning photography, extensive maps, comprehensive listings and detailed practical information.
With accommodation listings that range from the most sumptuous safari lodges to cheap and cheerful backpacker lodges in stunning coastal positions, there's something for every budget. In-depth coverage on South Africa's many nature reserves is complemented by an illustrated wildlife guide, to help you make the most of your time on safari.
Whether you want to explore the country's big sights — from the wilds of Kruger National Park and the best spots for whale watching to Cape Town's vibrant dining scene — or to uncover its many hidden gems, such as the dramatic desert scenery of the Richtersveld, The Rough Guide to South Africa is your indispensible traveling companion.
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This is combo $27 value and sale for $3.95. The Map pack included 2 separate maps: Lesotho 1:350,000, and Swaziland 1:250,000. Lesotho Travel Reference Map 1:350,000 scale 1st Edition. Lesotho is surrounded by South Africa, but fiercely independent. This is an adventure travel destination; inset map of Maseru. Lesotho is a compact mountainous country. Its main claim to fame are the wild mountains, especially the easternmost range, the Drakensburg. Most of the people, and the best roads, are along the western border with SA, but the most interesting part of the country is in the centre, around Thaba-Tseka and east to Mokhotlong. Swaziland Travel Reference Map 1:250,000, 1st Edition. Africa's smallest country is also one of the most scenic. This detailed map of the country shows elevations, villages, roads. It is the only map of the country easily available; inset of Mbabane. Swaziland borders South Africa and has good roads through the country. It is more pastoral than either Botswana or Lesotho. There are no major urban areas; even Mbabane is more a town than a city. Swaziland has two major game preserves, Mkhaya and Hlane, and one of the few entry points into Mozambique, in the northeast corner of the country. These countries provide a visitor to the region ample detail to explore in detail of the nicest places on earth. * Please note to all retailers and distributors, this product is NOT subject to Return or Exchange. It is well packed and should be sold as a bundle package to customers. As with other map packs that ITMB has produced, this offer is available to individuals, libraries, retailers and distributors. Regrettably, due to the deep discounts inherent in such an offer, this Map Pack is not returnable.
The tiny country of Lesotho is entirely surrounded by South Africa, yet it remains one of the most remote and unexplored areas in the region. The reason is the mountains―row upon row of serrated peaks make this the country with the highest ‘low point’ in the world. But the mountains that give Lesotho its dramatic landscapes have also played a crucial role in creating a country with a unique history. It’s a stirring story of courage and cunning, featuring remarkable individuals such as King Moshoeshoe - founder of the Basotho nation - who first gathered people together on the flat-topped hill Thaba Bosiu, the mountain of night. Today, Lesotho is an irresistible lure to adventurous travelers who want to head off the beaten path to secret vistas and pristine scenery. Suggested itineraries are included, along with accommodation options, leisure activities and other useful information for trip-planning.
2012 edi. Double sided road and travel map. Scale 1:1,500,000. Distinguishes roads ranging from freeways to tracks. Legend includes railways, ferry lines, waterfalls, national parks, nature reserves, wild life/game reserves, dunes, international/domestic airports, airfields, springs, hot springs, border crossings, points of interest, churches/missions, ruins/archaeological sites, beaches, diving, museums, forts, campsites/huts, rest houses/bungalows, caves, World Heritage Sites, clinics, police stations. Includes inset map of Pretoria, Johannesburg and Cape Town. Extensive place name index. Printed on a durable synthetic paper suitable for tropical conditions.
The decision to travel is your responsibility. You are also responsible for your personal safety abroad. The purpose of this Travel Advice is to provide up-to-date information to enable you to make well-informed decisions.
Exercise a high degree of caution and maintain a high level of personal security awareness at all times and in all places in Lesotho.
Petty crime, such as pickpocketing, purse snatching and mugging, is prevalent and increases at night and on weekends. Violent crime has increased, particularly in the capital, Maseru, between local hotels and the business district. Foreigners are often targets. You should not show signs of affluence. Resisting a robbery can lead to further violence.
Armed robbery and carjacking can occur, especially in Maseru and other large towns, including Maputsoe and Leribe. Do not resist assailants if attacked or robbed and avoid eye contact if possible. Any such incidents should immediately be reported to the police. Residential break-ins occur in Maseru. Foreigners, especially tourists, members of foreign missions and other expatriate professionals, have experienced such incidents.
Avoid walking alone, even during daylight hours. Walking or driving after dark is extremely risky. Demonstrations
You should remain informed of developments that could affect your safety by monitoring the local media. Avoid large crowds and demonstrations and carry identity documents. Although generally peaceful, demonstrations could turn violent without notice. General strikes also occur, affecting access to services and disturbing transportation.
Traffic drives on the left. Driving habits pose a risk in Maseru. Roads between the main urban centres are in good condition. However, the majority of the roads are unpaved, in bad condition and poorly lit. Livestock, pedestrians, vehicles without lights and other hazards are frequently encountered. Ensure windows are closed and doors locked at all times. Offering rides to hitchhikers is dangerous. Remain vigilant when stopping at scenic points or rest stations. Gas stations are infrequent outside of cities and large towns. There are no roadside assistance services operating in Lesotho. However, help is often offered in the event of an accident. You should park in well-lit areas.
All South Africa-Lesotho border crossings and eight of Lesotho's 10 district capitals are linked by good roads. Rural communities are linked by secondary gravel roads best suited to four-wheel-drive vehicles. Many rural areas, particularly in the mountainous two thirds of the country, can be reached only by basic dirt roads or on horseback.
Avoid using minibus taxis; they are poorly maintained and often involved in accidents.
Passenger rail service is not available.
Consult our Transportation FAQ in order to verify if national airlines meet safety standards.
Remain vigilant at all times and ensure that personal belongings and travel documents are secure.
Tourist facilities are developing in Lesotho but remain very limited.
Car rentals are available in Maseru. Cars rented in South Africa may be brought into Lesotho with a letter of authorization from the rental company. Some rental companies do not issue letters of authorization. A letter of authorization may sometimes be requested and granted at border crossings.
Emergency medical services are very limited and are generally not available outside of cities and large towns.
For emergency assistance, dial 112 or 588-81-010 for police, and 115 for the fire department.
Be sure that your routine vaccines are up-to-date regardless of your travel destination.
You may be at risk for these vaccine-preventable diseases while travelling in this country. Talk to your travel health provider about which ones are right for you.
Hepatitis A is a disease of the liver spread by contaminated food or water. All those travelling to regions with a risk of hepatitis A infection should get vaccinated.
Hepatitis B is a disease of the liver spread through blood or other bodily fluids. Travellers who may be exposed (e.g., through sexual contact, medical treatment or occupational exposure) should get vaccinated.
Seasonal influenza occurs worldwide. The flu season usually runs from November to April in the northern hemisphere, between April and October in the southern hemisphere and year round in the tropics. Influenza (flu) is caused by a virus spread from person to person when they cough or sneeze or through personal contact with unwashed hands. Get the flu shot.
Measles occurs worldwide but is a common disease in developing countries, particularly in parts of Africa and Asia. Measles is a highly contagious disease. Be sure your vaccination against measles is up-to-date regardless of the travel destination.
Rabies is a disease that attacks the central nervous system spread to humans through a bite, scratch or lick from a rabid animal. Vaccination should be considered for travellers going to areas where rabies exists and who have a high risk of exposure (i.e., close contact with animals, occupational risk, and children).
Typhoid is a bacterial infection spread by contaminated food or water. Risk is higher among travellers going to rural areas, visiting friends and relatives, or with weakened immune systems. Travellers visiting regions with typhoid risk, especially those exposed to places with poor sanitation should consider getting vaccinated.
Yellow fever is a disease caused by the bite of an infected mosquito.
Travellers get vaccinated either because it is required to enter a country or because it is recommended for their protection.
|* It is important to note that country entry requirements may not reflect your risk of yellow fever at your destination. It is recommended that you contact the nearest diplomatic or consular office of the destination(s) you will be visiting to verify any additional entry requirements.|
|Country Entry Requirement*|
Travellers to any destination in the world can develop travellers' diarrhea from consuming contaminated water or food.
In some areas in Southern Africa, food and water can also carry diseases like cholera, hepatitis A, schistosomiasis and typhoid. Practise safe food and water precautions while travelling in Southern Africa. Remember: Boil it, cook it, peel it, or leave it!
In some areas in Southern Africa, certain insects carry and spread diseases like African trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness), Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, chikungunya, leishmaniasis, lymphatic filariasis, malaria, Rift Valley fever, and West Nile virus.
Travellers are advised to take precautions against bites.
There is no risk of malaria in this country.
Travellers are cautioned to avoid contact with animals, including dogs, monkeys, snakes, rodents, birds, and bats. Some infections found in Southern Africa, like rabies, can be shared between humans and animals.
HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is a virus that attacks and impairs the immune system, resulting in a chronic, progressive illness known as AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome).
Practise safe sex while travelling, and don’t share needles, razors, or other objects which could transmit infection.
Remember that HIV can also be spread through the use of unsterile medical equipment during medical and dental procedures, tattooing, body piercing or acupuncture. Diseases can also be spread though blood transfusions and organ transplantation if the blood or organs are not screened for HIV or other blood-borne pathogens.
Tuberculosis is an infection caused by bacteria and usually affects the lungs.
For most travellers the risk of tuberculosis is low.
Travellers who may be at high risk while travelling in regions with risk of tuberculosis should discuss pre- and post-travel options with a health care provider.
High-risk travellers include those visiting or working in prisons, refugee camps, homeless shelters, or hospitals, or travellers visiting friends and relatives.
The decision to travel is the sole responsibility of the traveller. The traveller is also responsible for his or her own personal safety.
You are subject to local laws. Consult our Arrest and Detention page for more information.
An International Driving Permit is required.
The currency is the loti (plural maloti) (LSL); however, the South African rand (ZAR) can also be used. Major credit cards and traveller's cheques, in U.S. dollars, are accepted only at major tourist establishments and banks. Currency is readily available through automated banking machines (ABMs); bank line-ups are long and charges are high.
Violent storms occur in summer (November to February) and result in several deaths yearly. You should keep informed of regional weather forecasts and plan accordingly. Weather conditions change rapidly in mountainous regions. Carry a blanket or warm clothes in case of snowfall or vehicle breakdown in mountain areas, where the weather can become cold quickly and unexpectedly, even in summer months.