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Gibraltar

Gibraltar, colloquially known as The Rock or Gib, is an overseas territory of the United Kingdom at the entrance to the Mediterranean Sea. It is bordered by Spain to the north; Morocco is a short distance across the strait to the south. Gibraltar has a population of 30,000 people.

Understand

Gibraltar is a unique place for the curious traveller: a British community on the Iberian Peninsula, separated by a narrow gap of sea from Africa. The historic military legacy has created a veritable labyrinth inside "the Rock" itself, with many secret internal roads and tunnels worth exploring. It is also worth climbing the Rock for its views and famous monkeys.

History

In Greek mythology Gibraltar was Calpe, one of the Pillars of Hercules, which marked the edge of the Mediterranean and the known world. In 711 Tariq ibn Ziyad, the Muslim governor of Tangier, landed at Gibraltar to launch the Islamic invasion of the Iberian Peninsula. The Rock took his name - Jabal Tariq (Mountain of Tariq) eventually became Gibraltar.

Strategically important for international shipping, Gibraltar was ceded to Great Britain by Spain in the 1713 Treaty of Utrecht and was formally declared a British colony in 1830. Spain still claims sovereignty over this territory, although Gibraltarians consider themselves British with no apparent interest in rejoining Spain.

The topmost part of the Rock is still used as a British military installation, and is off-limits to the public.

Get in

Gibraltar is not part of the Schengen Area or the European Customs Union. This means that there are immigration and customs controls when travelling between Spain and Gibraltar. There are also immigration controls for air travel from the UK or EU countries. Citizens of the European Union are required to have a national identity card or passport, while all others are required to have a passport to enter. The entry requirements for Gibraltar are not the same as the United Kingdom. Unless exempt from visa requirements, to enter Gibraltar you must have either a Gibraltar visa (to be applied for separately from a normal British visa at a British embassy/consulate), a UK visa valid for at least one year, or a UK permit of residence valid for at least 5 years. If arriving by air, Gibraltar airport staff will refuse entry to anyone who does not comply with these requirements.

Although entry into Gibraltar from a Schengen country will technically invalidate a single-entry Schengen visa, in practice passports are visually checked but not stamped on entry by land, and those with single-entry visas usually get re-admitted to Spain without any problems.

By plane

Gibraltar Airport (IATA: GIB) has daily scheduled flights to and from London Heathrow Airport, London Gatwick Airport, London Luton and Manchester in the United Kingdom.

The most popular alternative airport for Gibraltar is 2 Malaga Airport (IATA: AGP) in Spain, some 120 km to the East, which offers a wide range of destinations. Malaga can be reached by bus, but there are only a few services available per day and the trip is approximately 3 hours. 3 Jerez Airport (IATA: XRY) is normally the second choice, despite being closer to Gibraltar.

By car

Queues at the border may make it less time-consuming to park cars in La Línea and walk across. While there are charges for parking in La Línea immediately next to the border, there is free parking throughout town and next to the stadium if you are willing to walk an extra 1 km. Parking on the Spanish side of the border also has the advantage of avoiding Gibraltar's complex one way system with very narrow and badly signposted streets, and limited parking. The land border is open 24 hours a day, though expect delays when planes are landing - the only road into Gibraltar runs right across the airport runway!

Motorists, and on occasion pedestrians, crossing the border with Spain have been subjected to long delays and searches by the Spanish authorities. Spain has closed the border during disputes or incidents involving the Gibraltar authorities.

Despite being an overseas territory of the United Kingdom, traffic in Gibraltar is on the right side of the road, the same with the rest of continental Europe.

By bus

At La Línea, Spain across the border, there are regular buses to and from Seville, Malaga, Cádiz, Granada and hourly to Algeciras (the latter one direct or with stops on the way). The station in La Línea is only a five minute walk from the border with Gibraltar.

The bus station in Algeciras is opposite the railway station. To go to the bus station from the harbour, turn left, walk along the main street for about 100m and then turn right. Continue about 200m along this street to the small building with railroads. There is a small sign for the bus stop. This bus can get you to La Línea for €2.35 (January 2013), and it goes every 30 minutes during the day. Some buses run non-stop while others make intermediate calls. In La Línea you will arrive at the bus station about 500m from the border with Gibraltar. In the summer it can take up to 2 hours to cross the border with a car.

Current info for Malaga bus station: Estación de Autobuses de Málaga

Tour buses and coaches can be available at all Andalucian major cities, holiday resorts and some mainland hotels.

By boat

There is a passenger service for Moroccan workers in Gibraltar, although it only runs once per weekend.

Gibraltar receives a large number of visits from cruise ships, and the strait of Gibraltar is one of the busiest shipping lanes in the world. In recent years, over 200 cruise ships call each year on the Port of Gibraltar with a passenger total approaching 350,000. The cruise port is conveniently located at the western end of Waterport Road, about 1.3 km from Casemates Square and Main St. A port call is one of the easiest way to get in to visit Gibraltar, especially given the recent contentious delays at the land border crossing with Spain.

By train

There is no train station in Gibraltar itself. The nearest train station is San Roque-La Línea, which is outside of La Línea proper and about 15 km from the Spain-Gibraltar border. Both bus and taxi are available for the last leg from the train station to Gibraltar.

Get around

On foot

Gibraltar is less than 7 square kilometres, so much of it can be seen on foot. Bear in mind, though, that some of the roads (especially up to the Upper Rock) are very steep. Taxis will take the strain out of the climbs, and all the taxi drivers seem to know all the Barbary macaques by name. Additionally, buses can be a cheap option to expedite things.

By bus

Though Gibraltar's area is small - it is long and thin, so distances can be a bit further than expected. Buses can be paid in pounds or euros. For at least some routes, the option is either for a single journey, or a pass good for unlimited rides that day. If planning to use the bus more than once, a one day pass is best. Of highest interest to the traveller is bus route 2, which in addition to going by the cable car station, is the only bus that visits Europa Point - the southernmost point of Gibraltar, and the one with all the views of Africa.

Talk

Gibraltar's official language is English, although most local people also speak Spanish.

That said, most locals converse in Llanito, which is essentially a mix of Andalusian Spanish and British English, a creole unique to Gibraltar. Also keep in mind that many businesses such as cafes and restaurants employ monolingual Spanish workers from across the border. In restaurants, it may not be that different from dining in Spain, language wise.

See

Stop by the tourist office in Casemates Square (if entering by land, this is immediately after passing through Landport tunnel). The tourist office will give you a map and recommend the following basic itinerary using the blue city buses (check fares). Take bus #2 from Market Place (around the corner of the tourist office) to Europa Point. Take pictures and enjoy Europa Point with the rest of the tourists. Then take the bus #2 back towards Market Place but get off at the cable cars. Ask the driver for help, but you will see the cable cars before the stop. Take the cable cars up to see the Upper Rock and Nature Preserve. Then take the cable car down and window shop Main Street back to Landport tunnel.

Cable cars run from 9.30AM until 5.45PM to the Upper Rock, but the last car up the hill might leave as early as 17.00PM. A "cable car and apes" ticket costs £8 return, while a ticket including entrance to St. Michael's Cave and the Siege Tunnels costs £16. Entrance to each sight costs £8 without this ticket. Alternatively, a 'Taxi-Tour' (typically for 8 people in an MPV) will cost £16 for a 1.5 hr tour, and this includes the fees for entry to the Cave, tunnels and Upper Rock.

A very informative Historic Walking Guide to Gibraltar can be purchased online or in local book shops and provides an excellent companion for those wanting to enjoy Gibraltar's best sites on foot.

  • 1 Europa Point. The southernmost point of Gibraltar, where the Atlantic meets the Mediterranean, and from which the coast of Africa can be seen.
  • 2 Upper Rock. Military installation, and nature reserve where the famous monkeys live (Barbary Macaques).
  • 3 Gorham's Cave complex. A combination of four distinct caves of such importance that they are combined into a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The caves are Gorham's Cave, Vanguard Cave, Hyaena Cave and Bennett's Cave.
  • 4 St Michael's Cave. An impressive natural grotto used by the neolithic inhabitants of the Rock.
  • 5 Siege Tunnels. A system of tunnels dug during the Great Siege which acted as a defence system.
  • Dolphin Watching. Short trips in the bay (several times a day) - there are plenty of playful dolphins to see.
  • Gibraltar Museum, 18-20 Bomb House Ln, ? +350-20074289, e-mail: enquiries@gibmuseum.gi. Mon-Fri 10:00-18:00, 10:00-14:00, closed on Sundays. Admission £2 for adults, £1 for children under 12, free for children under 5.
  • 7 The Mediterranean Steps. For those not afraid of climbing up steps cut out of rock (and with a head for heights), this is a hefty hike that starts at Jew's Gate bird observatory (on the south end of Gibraltar, Queen's Road near Engineer Road) and winds its way up the east side cliff face of the Rock to the summit. The views are fantastic, and the path underwent renovation work in 2007, so it is less treacherous than in the past. If you don't fancy the uphill struggle, you can always get the cable car up and then come down this way - however note, if trying to reach the steps from the cable car - there are *NO* signs posted on how to reach them until one has literally found the beginning of the steps. Make your way to the ape den, continue walking, then take the left (uphill) turn toward the military O'Hare's battery. The steps begin/end here. If unsure - ask along the way.

Do

  • 1 Dolphin Safari, 6 The Square, Marina Bay (cross the runway and take the first exit at the roundabout on the other side of the runway down Bayside Road. Approximately 100 meters walk down a small road on the right just past the pay and display carpark where the sign reads Marina Bay. At the end of that road in the bottom left hand corner walk through the black iron gates to see the two gold dolphins and the check-in offices), ? +350 200 71914. 10AM - 6PM. See the wild Common, Striped and Bottlenose dolphins of Gibraltar so close you could almost touch them. Sail in complete comfort, this boat has front-line cushioned seating and cushioned seating in the indoor observation lounge. £25pa - £15 pc.

Buy

Money

The currency of Gibraltar is the Gibraltar pound (GIP) - equivalent in value to the British pound sterling. British pounds are accepted everywhere in Gibraltar, in addition to the local version.

Gibraltar pounds aren't accepted outside of Gibraltar - not even in the UK. If you are travelling to the UK you will be able to exchange them there at a bank for a service fee. If you are travelling elsewhere, then you may not be able to exchange them at all. Best to change any leftover Gibraltar pounds before leaving (free of charge to British pounds), and to ask shops to give your change in UK notes if you aren't going to spend them there.

Gibraltar coins are identical in denomination, colour and size to UK coins, and tend to circulate in the UK without question.

Most shops in Gibraltar will also accept U.S. dollars and Euros, with the risk of getting a poor rate of exchange. Government offices and post offices do not accept foreign currency.

Credit and debit cards are sometimes not accepted in some shops (especially restaurants).

Shopping

1 Morrisons, Westside Road, Europort, ? +350-20041114. Mon-Sat 08:00-22:00, Sun 08:00-20:00. Large supermarket, selection seems to be the same as in the UK

Eat

If you like to sit outside and watch the world go by, head for Casemates Square where a number of pubs & restaurants serve fairly similar meals, with the exception of Cafe Solo which serves good Italian food.

  • 1 Cafe Solo, Grand 3, Casemates Square, ? +350 200 44449.

Irish Town, the road which runs parallel to Main Street has a number of bars, like The Clipper which has good food, friendly staff, and satellite television. They serve a hearty English breakfast. There is also Corks which serves more substantial lunches.

  • 2 The Clipper.
  • 3 Corks.

Queensway Quay is home to The Waterfront, which serves a good quality, if somewhat eclectic menu which ranges from steak to high quality local fish and Indian food. Casa Pepe's, on the other side of the marina is worth a splurge.

  • 4 Casa Pepe's.

If you fancy dining waterside the marinas are worth a vw – The most southerly pub in Europe. Good food, draught Bass and many others on tap. Happy hour daily at 6PM. Full Sunday lunch available.

  • 5 Wembley Bar. Situated in the heart of the south district it is the most southerly pub in Europe. Traditional english pub with views to Africa'.

Marina Bay is home to several restaurants. Bianca's and Charlie's Tavern at Marina Bay are worth a visit, the former being very well known for its busy ambience. Marina Bay has recently also become home to Gibraltar's first Mexican restaurant.

  • 6 Bianca's.
  • 7 Charlie's Steak House & Grill (Charlie's Tavern).

Ocean Village, Gibraltar's newest marina, is an extension to Marina Bay. It is home to several new pubs and restaurants, including a Chinese, and an Indian.

  • 8 O'Reilly's. Situated on Leisure Island, part of the Ocean Village marina complex, the traditional Victorian Irish bar has been designed and built by Ireland's leading design teams.

The Gibraltar Arms is situated next to Stag Bros' at 184 Main Street, telephone 200 72133 or e-mail gibraltararms@events.gi and is open from 7.30am (9.30am on a Sunday) serving meals all day until late.

The Star Bar in Parliament Lane holds itself out as Gibraltar's Oldest bar. With a menu and drinks selection to appeal to most tastes the pub seeks to cater to a wide audience.

The Lord Nelson In Casemates Square, the official home of the Gibraltar Rugby Club and Live Music Venue Of The Year, top entertainment on stage every night. Offers free WiFi.

The Horseshoe 193 Main Street, near King St & Bombhouse Lane & Gibraltar Museum. Small pub with nice outdoor seating, decent prices, homemade pies on the menu, and offers the local beer Gibraltar IPA on tap. Free wifi, ask a staff member. "Jury's", a nice little cafe located on main street, near the Gibraltar Bookshop and Governor's House, has some very nice coffee, breakfasts, simple meals, and some sandwiches to go.

Sai Darbar, 6a Prince Edward Rd, ? +350-20061312. 11:00-15:00, 19:00-23:00. Vegetarian take-away restaurant Vegetarian burgers £3.50.

Eating kosher

There are a number of kosher restaurants, bakeries and minimarkets in Gibraltar. Just ask around, and someone will point you in the right direction. Gibraltar is not the only place you could stock up on kosher food when you're travelling in the Costa del Sol; there are many kosher shops and restaurants in Marbella, Torremolinos and Málaga.

Sleep

Presumably due to Gibraltar's very limited space - accommodation is expensive. Due to this, many opt for staying across the border in La Línea, Spain & walking across the border. That said:

Budget

  • 1 Emile Youth Hostel, Montagu Bastion, Line Wall Rd (just off Casemates Square), ? +350 51106, +350 57686000, fax: +350 51106, e-mail: emilehostel@yahoo.co.uk. Check-out: 10:30. A family-run hostel. It should be noted that the kitchen is not for guests use. Certainly not the best, but closest thing to the border. They also charge for washing clothes £5 and for the wireless internet £5. Well they will probably never change the wifi password: E244F2DDE8. Be sure to type it with caps. You are not allowed to bring your own food into the hostel (probably because they have their own cafe). Although expensive, it's a quiet place near the border. Rates from £18 for a bed in a dorm, £25 for a single room. Cash only.
  • 2 The Cannon Hotel, 9 Cannon Ln (Just off the middle of Main Street), ? +350 20051711. Breakfast from 08:30 to 10:00. Rates starting at £30.00 for a single room with a shared bathroom, including breakfast and wifi.

Mid-range

  • 3 The Queens Hotel, 1 Boyd St (At the south entrance to Main Street), ? +350 20074000, +350 20041682, e-mail: queenshotel@gibtelecom.net. Marketing themselves as "Gibraltar's 'only' Budget Hotel" (not what category they'd put the Cannon in). There is breakfast, internet and AC included in the price, every room has TV. It's very close to bus stop, so you can take bus to Europa Point, and get out near cable car station. Single room £60, double £70, sea view costs extra.

Splurge

  • 4 The Bristol Hotel, 8-10 Cathedral Square (Near the south end of Main Street), ? +350 20076800, e-mail: reservations@bristolhotel.gi. Rooms from £69.
  • 5 O’Callaghan Eliott Hotel (The Elliot Hotel), 2 Governor’s Parade (Just off Main Street, located roughly half-way between the Cannon and The Queens), ? +350 20070500, e-mail: eliott@ocallaghanhotels.com. Good location and good quality.
  • 6 The Rock Hotel, 3 Europa Rd (About 400 metres south of the Entrance to Main Street, up a fairly steep hill), ? +350 20073000, +350 20073513, e-mail: reservations@rockhotel.gi. Not as central as some of the others mentioned here, but has great views of the bay. It's one of the more expensive hotels in Gibraltar and was where John Lennon and Yoko Ono got married. All rooms have a sea view. Rooms from £160.
  • 7 The Caleta Hotel, Catalan Bay, ? +350 20076501, e-mail: reservations@caletahotel.gi. On the opposite side of the rock from the town, about a 2 miles by road. The upside to the location is a quiet, relaxing atmosphere, one that you're unlikely to get in the Town Centre.

Work

Gibraltar has a favourable corporate tax regime, and many online gambling websites choose to make Gibraltar their base of operations and employ thousands of people in an ever-thriving jobs market.

  • Jobs In Gibraltar, CTS Business Exchange, Ocean Village, ? +350 216 44400.

Connect

Phone

Gibraltar's international telephone code is +350. All landline numbers in Gibraltar have been prefixed with 200 since 2008, making all numbers 8-digit long now. If you come across with a 5-digit number, just prefix it with 200 (and, of course, with the country code prior to that if you are calling from out of Gibraltar).

The prefix to dial prior to country code for international calls is 00 in Gibraltar.

Internet

Free wireless is available in the following places:

  • Fresh - a cafe/bar just down through the archway when leaving the main square towards the bus stops.
  • The Gibraltar Arms - about half way down the main street.
  • The Lord Nelson - just by the tunnel exiting the main square.
  • The Cannon Bar - behind the Catholic Cathedral.
  • The Clipper - on Irish Town near Tuckey's lane. Ask bartender for password.
  • Corks Wine Bar - on Irish Town near the Clipper. WEP key is written on a chalkboard above the bar.
  • The Horseshoe - on Main Street near the Gibraltar Museum & King Street. Ask bartender for password.

Stay safe

Gibraltar has a low crime rate and a large and efficient police force to ensure it stays that way.

There are a few recent reports, however, of people being attacked on the Spanish side of the border while returning to Gibraltar on foot late at night. It might be smart to take a taxi home after dark if you have been drinking at the bars in Spain, especially if you are by yourself.

Stay healthy

Medical treatment

Gibraltar is part of the European Health Insurance Scheme and has a health service similar to the United Kingdom, with a modern hospital. If you are from a participating country, your EHIC card will entitle you to full free emergency medical treatment.

Barbary Macaques

Tourists should be aware that the Barbary macaques are wild animals and do bite. It is advisable not to feed the Barbary macaque, despite encouragement from irresponsible taxi drivers. In addition, there are kiosks recklessly selling 'monkey food', further encouraging this. It is indeed illegal (hefty fines are in force) and bad for their health. Never try to pick up a baby Barbary macaque - its mother will not be happy, and neither will you. If you are bitten by a Barbary macaque, you will require hospital treatment. Whilst the Barbary macaques are rabies-free they can infect you with hepatitis, and they are most aggressive on the top of the rock, as the most successful animals claim the uppermost reaches of the rock, with their less successful fellows being shoved down the rock in their social pecking order.

Cope

Consulates

  • Belgium, 47 Irish Town, P.O. Box 185, ? +350 2007 8352, fax: +350 2007 8646.
  • Denmark, Cloister Building, Market Lane, P.O. Box 554, ? +350 2001 2700, fax: +350 2007 1608, e-mail: consul2danconsul.gi. Mon-Fri 9AM-1PM and 3PM-5PM.
  • Finland, 20 Line Wall Road, P.O. Box 130, ? +350 2007 5149, fax: +350 2007 0513.
  • France, 209 Main Street, ? +350 2007 8830, fax: +350 2007 5867.
  • Greece, Suite 1C, Imossi House, 1/5 Irish Town, P.O. Box 167, ? +350 2007 3500, fax: +350 2007 3550.
  • Israel, Marina View, 39 Glacis Road, P.O. Box 238, ? +350 2007 7735, fax: +350 2007 4301.
  • Italy, 28 Irish Town, ? +350 2004 7096, fax: +350 2004 5591, e-mail: italy@gibraltar.gi.
  • Malta, 20 Admirals Place, Naval Hospital Hill, ? +350 5733 9000, e-mail: maltaconsulgibraltar@gov.mt.
  • Netherlands, Irish House, 92 Irish Town, ? +34 633 893 332, e-mail: consul.netherlands@gibtelcom.net.
  • Norway, Sandpits Vaults, Off Rosia Road, P.O. Box 133, ? +350 2007 7242, fax: +350 2007 7342. Mon-Fri 9AM-5PM.
  • Poland, 35 Governor's Parade, ? +350 2007 4593, fax: +350 2007 9491.
  • Sweden, Cloister Building, Irish Town, P.O. Box 212, ? +350 2007 9200, fax: +350 2007 6189, e-mail: consulgeneral@swedishconsulategibraltar.com. Mon-Fri 9AM-1PM and 2PM-4:30PM.
  • Switzerland, Suite 206, Neptune House, Marine Bay, ? +350 2005 1051, fax: +350 2004 5450, e-mail: gibraltar@honrep.ch.
  • Thailand, 120 Main Street, ? +350 2007 7890.
  • United Kingdom, ? +350 200 51725. Consular assistance for British nationals is provided by HM Government of Gibraltar Civil Status and Registration Office.

Respect

People from Gibraltar refer to themselves as Gibraltarian or 'Llanito' pronounced Ya-ni-to. Even though the vast majority of Gibraltarians speak Spanish (with a local dialect), they are easily offended if referred to as Spanish because they regard themselves as Gibraltarians and are very proud of their identity. In fact, Gibraltarians have voted overwhelmingly to remain British in several referendums. Some Gibraltarians also feel sensitive to the erroneous use of the term 'colony' due to its connotations of being a deposited population or ruled by a foreign country or lacking in self-government, none of which apply to Gibraltar either now or historically. Additionally, the term 'colony' is legally incorrect; it is a 'British Overseas Territory'. The term 'colony' wasn't used in reference to Gibraltar until the 1830s, at which time there were other places that were colonies and Gibraltar was grouped with them under the term colonies, despite the circumstances being different.

Although the popular view is that the Spanish Government is the cause of many problems concerning Gibraltar, there is no animosity directed by Gibraltarians towards Spanish individuals in general; Spanish tourists and workers experience no problems. Recent airport agreements have opened up the relationship Gibraltar has with Spain.

Go next

You could travel across the border to visit Cádiz in Southern Spain, or cities such as Algeciras or Jerez de la Frontera. Or you could head south, across the Mediterranean, and visit Morocco, with places such as Tangier and Casablanca ready for visitors.

The Amateur Traveler talks to San Francisco Chronicle Travel Editor Spud Hilton about Gibraltar. This little patch of England at the bottom of Spain is more than just a place where you can see a large rock and get good fish and chips with your tapas. Explore the "rock" and meet the "apes" of Gibraltar. Hear about some of the history as well as the unique traffic challenges of this tiny peninsula. Also learn about Winston Churchill's secret World War 2 monkey plan for Gibraltar. Along the way let me introduce you to Spud Hilton who is one of my favorite travel editors.

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Exercise normal security precautions

The decision to travel is your responsibility. You are also responsible for your personal safety abroad. The purpose of this Travel Advice is to provide up-to-date information to enable you to make well-informed decisions.

Crime

The crime rate is low. Petty crime occurs, such as pickpocketing and theft of unattended baggage. Unattended vehicles are occasional targets. Exercise normal precautions and ensure that your personal belongings, passports and other travel documents are secure at all times.

Spiked food and drinks

Never leave food or drinks unattended or in the care of strangers. Be wary of accepting snacks, beverages, gum, or cigarettes from new acquaintances, as they may contain drugs that could put you at risk of sexual assault and robbery.

Road travel

Persons travelling overland between Gibraltar and Spain may experience delays at the border. Occasionally, overland travel is completely cut off, leaving air travel as the only way into Gibraltar.

Consult our Transportation Safety page in order to verify if national airlines meet safety standards.

Emergency services

Dial 112 for emergency assistance. 

Health

Related Travel Health Notices
Consult a health care provider or visit a travel health clinic preferably six weeks before you travel.
Vaccines

Routine Vaccines

Be sure that your routine vaccines are up-to-date regardless of your travel destination.

Vaccines to Consider

You may be at risk for these vaccine-preventable diseases while travelling in this country. Talk to your travel health provider about which ones are right for you.

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is a disease of the liver spread through blood or other bodily fluids. Travellers who may be exposed (e.g., through sexual contact, medical treatment or occupational exposure) should get vaccinated.

Influenza

Seasonal influenza occurs worldwide. The flu season usually runs from November to April in the northern hemisphere, between April and October in the southern hemisphere and year round in the tropics. Influenza (flu) is caused by a virus spread from person to person when they cough or sneeze or through personal contact with unwashed hands. Get the flu shot.

Measles

Measles occurs worldwide but is a common disease in developing countries, particularly in parts of Africa and Asia. Measles is a highly contagious disease. Be sure your vaccination against measles is up-to-date regardless of the travel destination.
 

Yellow Fever Vaccination

Yellow fever is a disease caused by the bite of an infected mosquito.

Travellers get vaccinated either because it is required to enter a country or because it is recommended for their protection.

* It is important to note that country entry requirements may not reflect your risk of yellow fever at your destination. It is recommended that you contact the nearest diplomatic or consular office of the destination(s) you will be visiting to verify any additional entry requirements.
Risk
  • There is no risk of yellow fever in this country.
Country Entry Requirement*
  • Proof of vaccination is not required to enter this country.
Recommendation
  • Vaccination is not recommended.
Food/Water

Food and Water-borne Diseases

Travellers to any destination in the world can develop travellers' diarrhea from consuming contaminated water or food.

In some areas in Southern Europe, food and water can also carry diseases like hepatitis A. Practise safe food and water precautions while travelling in Southern Europe. When in doubt, remember…boil it, cook it, peel it, or leave it!


Insects

Insects and Illness

In some areas in Southern Europe, certain insects carry and spread diseases like Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, leishmaniasis, Lyme disease, tick-borne encephalitis and West Nile virus.

Travellers are advised to take precautions against bites.


Malaria

Malaria

There is no risk of malaria in this country.


Animals

Animals and Illness

Travellers are cautioned to avoid contact with animals, including dogs, snakes, rodents, birds, and bats. Some infections found in Southern Europe, like rabies, can be shared between humans and animals.


Person-to-Person

Person-to-Person Infections

Crowded conditions can increase your risk of certain illnesses. Remember to wash your hands often and practice proper cough and sneeze etiquette to avoid colds, the flu and other illnesses.

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV are spread through blood and bodily fluids; practise safer sex.


Medical services and facilities

Medical services and facilities

Medical facilities and services are generally good. Some clinics and hospitals may expect immediate cash payment for medical services.

Keep in Mind...

The decision to travel is the sole responsibility of the traveller. The traveller is also responsible for his or her own personal safety.

Be prepared. Do not expect medical services to be the same as in Canada. Pack a travel health kit, especially if you will be travelling away from major city centres.

You are subject to local laws. Consult our Arrest and Detention page for more information.

Canada and United Kingdom are signatories to the European Convention on the Transfer of Sentenced Persons. This enables a Canadian imprisoned in United Kingdom to request a transfer to a Canadian prison to complete a sentence. The transfer requires the agreement of both Canadian and British authorities.

Driving laws

Although Gibraltar is a British territory, traffic drives on the right. You can drive on a valid Canadian driver’s licence.

Money

The currency is the Gibraltar pound (GIP), which is at par with the pound sterling (GBP).

Credit cards and traveller’s cheques are widely accepted. Bank of England banknotes and coinage circulate in Gibraltar.

Climate

Gibraltar is subject to periodic droughts. It is also located in an active seismic zone.