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Vatican City State

Vatican City ( ( listen), officially Vatican City State (Italian: Stato della Città del Vaticano; Latin: Status Civitatis Vaticanae), is an independent city-state enclaved within Rome, Italy. Established with the Lateran Treaty (1929), it is distinct from yet under "full ownership, exclusive dominion, and sovereign authority and jurisdiction" of the Holy See (Latin: Sancta Sedes). With an area of 44 hectares (110 acres), and a population of about 1,000, it is the smallest state in the world by both area and population.

The Vatican City is an ecclesiastical or sacerdotal-monarchical state (a type of theocracy) ruled by the pope who is, religiously speaking, the bishop of Rome and head of the Catholic Church. The highest state functionaries are all Catholic clergy of various national origins. Since the return of the popes from Avignon in 1377, they have generally resided at the Apostolic Palace within what is now Vatican City, although at times residing instead in the Quirinal Palace in Rome or elsewhere.

The Holy See dates back to early Christianity, and is the primate episcopal see of the Catholic Church, with 1.3 billion Catholics around the world distributed in the Latin Church and 23 Eastern Catholic Churches. The independent Vatican city-state, on the other hand, came into existence in 11 February 1929 by the Lateran Treaty between the Holy See and Italy, which spoke of it as a new creation, not as a vestige of the much larger Papal States (756–1870), which had previously encompassed much of central Italy.

Within the Vatican City are religious and cultural sites such as St. Peter's Basilica, the Sistine Chapel and the Vatican Museums. They feature some of the world's most famous paintings and sculptures. The unique economy of Vatican City is supported financially by the sale of postage stamps and tourist mementos, fees for admission to museums, and sales of publications.

Frommer's Italy 2018 (Complete Guides)

Stephen Brewer

From the most trusted name in travel, Frommer’s Italy 2018 is a comprehensive, completely up-to-date guide to one of Europe’s most storied vacation destinations. With helpful advice and honest recommendations from Frommer’s expert authors, you’ll walk among the ancient ruins of Pompeii, float along the canals of Venice, appreciate Renaissance masterworks in Florence, explore off-the-beaten-path Puglia and live la dolce vita in Rome―as well as discover timeless wonders such as the vineyards of Tuscany and cliff-top towns perched along the Amalfi Coast.

Inside the guide:

Full-color photos and helpful maps, including a detachable foldout map

Detailed itineraries for planning your trip to suit your schedule and interests (and help you avoid lines and crowds)

Rewarding experiences to help you appreciate Italian culture, cuisine, and history

Candid reviews of the best restaurants, historic sights, museums, tours, shops, and experiences―and no-punches-pulled info on the ones not worth your time and money

Accurate, up-to-date info on transportation, useful websites, telephone numbers, and more

Budget-planning help with the lowdown on prices and ways to save money, whether you’re traveling on a shoestring or in the lap of luxury

About Frommer’s: There’s a reason that Frommer’s has been the most trusted name in travel for more than sixty years. Arthur Frommer created the best-selling guide series in 1957 to help American servicemen fulfill their dreams of travel in Europe, and since then, we have published thousands of titles became a household name helping millions upon millions of people realize their own dreams of seeing our planet. Travel is easy with Frommer’s.

Secrets of the Seven Smallest States of Europe: Andorra, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, San Marino and Vatican City

Thomas Eccardt

This unique book examines the history, culture, and inner workings of the seven smallest independent countries in Europe. These are among the oldest states on the continent and, despite their diversity, they have much in common. Most have relatively high per capita incomes and life expectancies, and relatively low unemployment. This narrative presents the unique issues that confront small countries, including maintaining their independence, economic viability, preserving their native languages, and sustaining their governments. The second part of the book describes each microstate in turn, showing how each one has met these challenges and adapted over time. These concise and engaging chapters contain cultural information on subjects including the arts, gastronomy, and popular tourist sites.

Guide to the Vatican: Museums and City

Peter Spring, Peter Spring

Hard to Find book

Fodor's Rome (Full-color Travel Guide)

Fodor's Travel Guides

Written by locals, Fodor's travel guides have been offering expert advice for all tastes and budgets for more than 80 years. Packed with landmark sights, world-renowned museums, awe-inspiring churches, fabulous trattorias, and, of course, the Vatican, Rome is a city that's worth returning to over and over again. And with so much to see and do in the Eternal City, Fodor's Rome is the guide to help travelers make the most of every trip. This travel guide includes: · Dozens of full-color maps plus a handy pullout map with essential information· Hundreds of hotel and restaurant recommendations, with Fodor's Choice designating our top picks· Multiple itineraries to explore the top attractions and what’s off the beaten path· In-depth breakout features on The Sistine Chapel Ceiling, the Campo de' Fiori, the Vatican, and Ancient Rome· Major sights such as Vatican City, the Roman Forum, the Colosseum, St. Peter's Basilica, the Pantheon, Trastevere, Trevi Fountain, and the Spanish Steps· Side Trips from Rome with Ostia Antica, Tivoli, and The Castelli Romani· Coverage of Ancient Rome, The Vatican, Piazza Navona, Campo de' Fiori and the Jewish Ghetto, Piazza di Spagna, Repubblica and Quirinale, Trastevere, Villa Borghese, Piazza del Popolo and Flaminio, Aventino and Testaccio, and Monti, Esquilino, Celio and the Via Appia AnticaPlanning to visit more of Italy? Check out Fodor's country-wide travel guide to Essential Italy.

DK Eyewitness Travel Guide Rome

DK Travel

Experience classical Rome and step inside the iconic Colosseum; experience the religious Rome and visit Vatican City, a country all its own; experience the delicious Rome and stroll the city's beautiful piazzas with a gelato in hand.

Discover DK Eyewitness Travel Guide: Rome.

   • Hotel and restaurant listings and recommendations.    • Detailed itineraries and "don't-miss" destination highlights at a glance.    • Illustrated cutaway 3-D drawings of important sights.    • Floor plans and guided visitor information for major museums.    • Free, color pull-out map (print edition) marked with sights, a selected site and street index, public transit map, practical information on getting around, and a distance chart for measuring walking distances.    • Guided walking tours, local drink and dining specialties to try, things to do, and places to eat, drink, and shop by area.    • Area maps marked with sights and restaurants.    • Detailed city maps include street finder index for easy navigation.    • Insights into history and culture to help you understand the stories behind the sights.    • Suggested day-trips and itineraries to explore beyond the city.

With hundreds of full-color photographs, hand-drawn illustrations, and custom maps that illuminate every page, DK Eyewitness Travel Guide: Rome truly shows you what others only tell you.

Recommended: For a pocket guidebook to Rome, check out DK Eyewitness Travel Guide: Top 10 Rome, which is packed with dozens of top 10 lists, ensuring you make the most of your time and experience the best of everything.

Series Overview: For more than two decades, DK Eyewitness Travel Guides have helped travelers experience the world through the history, art, architecture, and culture of their destinations. Expert travel writers and researchers provide independent editorial advice, recommendations, and reviews. With guidebooks to hundreds of places around the globe available in print and digital formats, DK Eyewitness Travel Guides show travelers how they can discover more.

Moscow Rules (Gabriel Allon)

Daniel Silva

The death of a journalist leads Israeli spy Gabriel Allon to Russia, where he finds that, in terms of spycraft, even he has something to learn in this #1 New York Times bestseller.Moscow is no longer the gray, grim city of Soviet times. Now it is awash with oil wealth and choked with bulletproof Bentleys. But in the new Russia, power once again resides behind the walls of the Kremlin. Critics of the ruling class are ruthlessly silenced. And a new generation of Stalinists plots to reclaim an empire—and challenge the United States.One of those men is Ivan Kharkov, ex-KGB, who built a financial empire on the rubble of the Soviet Union. Part of his profit comes from arms dealing. And he is about to deliver Russia’s most sophisticated weapons to the United States’ most dangerous enemy, unless Israeli foreign intelligence agent Gabriel Allon can stop him. Slipping across borders from Vatican City to St. Petersburg, Jerusalem to Washington, DC, Allon is playing for time—and playing by Moscow rules.

ITALIAN in 10 minutes a day: Language course for beginning and advanced study. Includes Workbook, Flash Cards, Sticky Labels, Menu Guide, Software, ... Grammar. Bilingual Books, Inc. (Publisher)

Kristine K. Kershul

This software/book combo is a whole new way to learn Italian! See and hear the words as you practice with the interactive Sticky Labels, Flash Cards and special activities. Now, learning Italian is faster and easier than ever! Soon you'll be able to ask for directions to the Trevi Fountain, shop for souvenirs near the Ponte Vecchio, and chat with the locals as you sit down to dinner in the Piazza San Marco. And with the cut-out menu guides, ordering a meal, or “un pasto,” and that perfect glass of wine is an enjoyable and easy experience. "ITALIAN in 10 minutes a day" is a complete, and fun, hands-on language learning program―it will spark your passion for Italian and teach you everything you need for your adventures in Italy!The “10 minutes a day” Program:The “10 minutes a day” proven methodology guarantees success―all you have to do is set aside 10 minutes and you’ll be on your way. Why 10 minutes a day? Because 10 minutes is doable, it fits easily into your life and it’s not overwhelming. The program is created so that you can work at your own pace. You set the pace and you decide when you’re ready to move to the next Step.The book is purposely designed to look like a child’s workbook―it’s not intimidating or overwhelming. Instead, it’s approachable and engaging for everyone at any age. The book covers material equivalent to more than a year of high school Italian or the 1st quarter of Italian at university. The vocabulary hones in on key essential words that you’ll actually use when traveling. You’ll learn Key Question Words so you can ask for what you need; money and numbers so you can shop and pay bills; directions so you can get to your destination smoothly, and so much more that will make your experience abroad enjoyable. Study aids and fun activities such as word games, puzzles and interactive modules are academically designed and strategically interwoven into the program to help you succeed.Contents include:The 132-page illustrated workbook: Use the book to guide you, step-by-step, through learning and speaking Italian.Full color throughout: Visually engages you and is conducive to learning quickly. Digital download of “10 minutes a day” language learning software: Use the interactive modules to hear the words, practice and play, track your score and have fun! (PC and Mac friendly)150 Sticky Labels (both in the book and for your computer): Place the Sticky Labels around the house and office to learn new words without any extra time or effort. Use the interactive Sticky Labels module on your computer to hear the words, review, keep track of your score and improve.Ready-made Flash Cards (both in the book and for your computer): Take the ready-made flash cards with you and review your vocabulary on the go. Use the interactive Flash Card module on your computer to hear the words, practice and test yourself.Cut-out Menu Guide: Practice at your local restaurant and take it on your trip.Pronunciation Guide: With the Guide and simple phonetics above each Italian word, it’s easy for native English speakers to begin speaking Italian with the correct pronunciation.Over 300 "Free Words:" Sounding similar to their English counterparts, these Italian words take no extra effort to add to your vocabulary.Glossary of over 2,000 new words, definitions, and pronunciation: So you can quickly look up an Italian word, its pronunciation and definition.

Vatican (Classics)

Dominique Chivot

The home of the pope and the seat of the Holy See, the Vatican is a unique entity, a sovereign city-state that shelters some of the world's most sacred treasures within its hundred and ten acres. The story of this hallowed ground is inextricable from the history of the Catholic Church. But this book reveals that the Vatican is also a tiny living city of many facets, some of them little known. Vatican expert Dominique Chivot follows the journeys of countless pilgrims and cardinals, tracing their footsteps beyond the plazas, basilicas, and museums to unlock the secrets of Vatican City. Chivot recounts papal history in great anecdotal detail, highlighting the legendary reigns of popes from St. Peter to John Paul II, and illuminating masterpieces of architecture, painting, and sculpture executed by artists such as Bernini, Michelangelo, and Raphael.

Rick Steves Pocket Rome

Rick Steves

Rick Steves Pocket guidebooks truly are a “tour guide in your pocket.” This colorful, compact 220-page book includes Rick's advice for prioritizing your time, whether you're spending 1 or 7 days in a city. Everything a busy traveler needs is easy to access: a neighborhood overview, city walks and tours, sights, handy food and accommodations charts, an appendix packed with information on trip planning and practicalities, and a fold-out city map. Included in Rick Steves Pocket Rome: Sights: the National Museum, Palatine Hill, Trajan's Column, Market, and Imperial Forums, Baths of Diocletian, Appian Way, St. Peter-in-Chains, Pilgrim's Tour of Rome, Jewish Ghetto, and Capitoline Museums Walks and Tours: Colosseum Tour, Roman Forum Tour, Night Walk Across Rome, Pantheon Tour, Vatican Museum Tour, St. Peter's Basilica Tour, and Borghese Gallery

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